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research

This Research Directory, made possible by a partnership with the University of Florida Center for Arts in Medicine, is organized by the categories to the right and regularly updated with research from the field. Members can suggest research for posting by emailing the Global Alliance.

Note: Be aware that online links to articles sometimes change, and you may find some URLs inoperative. If you discover an inoperable link, you may be able to find the article through an internet search.

The Global Alliance's Research Committee has created a glossary describing categories of research, which you can find in the members-only ToolBox. It is called "Levels of Evidence" and is listed under the Research heading.

Disclaimer



Friedli, L., Griffiths, S., & Tidyman, M. (2002). The mental health benefits of arts and creativity for African and Caribbean young men. Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 1(3), 32-45.

Lovgren, G., Rasmussen, B., Engostrom, B. (2002). Working conditions and the possibility of providing good care. Journal of Nursing Management, 10(4), 201-209.

Nicholson, J.M., Berthelsen, D., Abad, V., Williams, K., Bradley, J. (March 2008). Impact of music therapy to promote positive parenting and child development. Journal of Health Psychology, 13(2), 226-238.

Reynolds, F., Prior S. (2003). A Lifestyle coat-hanger: a phenomenological study of the meanings of artwork for women coping with chronic illness and disability. Disability and Rehabilitation, 25(14), 785-794.

Schultz, R., Quittner, A. L. (1998). Caregiving for Children and Adults with Chronic Conditions: Introduction to the Special Issue. Health Psychology, 17, 110-111.

Schweitzer, M., Gilpin, L., & Frampton, S. (2004). Healing spaces: elements of environmental design that make an impact on health... Toward Optimal Healing Environments in Health Care: Second American Samueli Symposium, January 22-24, 2004. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 10S-71-s-83.

Scogin, F., Floyd, M., Jamison, C., Ackerson, J., Landreville, P., Bissonnette, L. (1996). Negative outcomes: what is the evidence on self-administered treatments? Journal of Consulting Clinical Psychology, 64, 1086-1089.

Scovel, M., (1999). Voice Analysis and the VibraSound Massage Table. Open Ear 1, 22-24.

Accessibility

Begley, A.M. (1996). Literature and poetry: pleasure and practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2(4), 182-188.

Biley, F. (2000). The effects on patient wellbeing of music listening as a nursing intervention: a review of the literature. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 9, 668-677.

Boisaubin, E.V., Winkler, M.G. (2000). Seeing patients and life contexts: the visual arts in medical education. American Journal of Medical Science, 319(5), 292-296.

Chafin, S., Roy, M., Gerin, W., Christenfeld, N. (2004). Music can facilitate blood pressure recovery from stress. British Journal of Health Psychology, 9(3), 393-403.

Devlin, A.S., Arneill, A.B. (2003). Health Care Environments and Patient Outcomes: A Review of the Literature. Environment and Behavior, 35(5), 665-694.

Evans, M., Greaves, D. (2001). Developing the medical humanities. Medical Humanities, 27(2), 93-98.

Inskeep, S.J., Lisko, S.A. (2001). Alternative clinical nursing experience in an art gallery. Nurse Educator, 26(3), 117-119.

Jansen, D.A., von Sadovszky, V. (2004). Restorative Activities of Community-Dwelling Elders. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 26(4), 381-399.

Administration

Davis, S.K. (1992). Nursing and the humanities: health assessment in the art gallery. Journal of Nursing Education, 31(2), 93-94.

Lister, S., Tanguay, D., Snow, S., & D'Amico, M. (2009). Development of a creative arts therapies center for people with developmental disabilities. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 26(1), 34-37.

Miles, M.F.R. (1994). Art in hospitals: does it work? A survey of evaluation of arts projects in the NHS. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 87, 161-163.

Romo R., Gifford L. (November-Decmber 2007). A cost-benefit analysis of music therapy in a home hospice. Nursing Economics, 25(6), 353-358.

Culture & Community

Bennett, K.M. (2002). Low level social engagement as a precursor of mortality among people in later life. Age and Ageing, 3, 165–168.

Arikan, M.K., Devrim, M., Oran, O., Inan, S., Elhih, M., Demiralp, T. (1999). Music effects on event-related potentials of humans on the basis of cultural environment. Neuroscience Letters, 268(1), 21-24.

Avlund, K., Damsgaard, M.T., & Holstein, E.E. (1998). Social relations and mortality: An eleven-year follow-up study of 70-year-old men and women in Denmark. Social Science & Medicine, 47, 635–643.

Ayoub, C.M., Rizk, L.B., Yaacoub, C.I., Gaal, D., Kain, Z.N. (2005). Music and ambient operating room noise in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 100(5), 1316-1319.

Baider, L., & Wein, S. (2001). Reality and fugues in physicians facing death: Confrontation, coping, and adaptation at the bedside. Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology, 40, 97–103.

Barnard, D. (1994). Making a place for the humanities in residency education. Academy of Medicine, 69, 628-630.

Begley, S. (2000). Music on the mind. Scientists are finding that the human brain is prewired for music. Could this sublime expression of culture be as much about biology as art? Newsweek, 136(4), 50-52.

Bruderle, A.R., Valiga, T.M. (1994). Integrating the arts and humanities into nursing education. in Chin, P.L., Watson, J. (eds). Art and Aesthetics in Nursing. New York. 117-144.

Burr, J.A., Chapman, T. (1998). Some reflections on cultural and social considerations in mental health nursing. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 5(6), 431-437.

Chen, S., Walsh, S. (2009). Effect of a Creative-Bonding Intervention on Taiwanese Nursing Students' Self-Transcendence and Attitude Toward Elders. Research in Nursing & Health, 32, 204-216.

Konlaan, B.B., Bjorby, N., Bygren, L.O., Weissglas, G., Karlsson, L.G., Widmark, M. (2000). Attendance at cultural events and physical exercise and health: a randomized controlled study. Public Health, 114(5), 316-319.

Loden, K.C. (1989). Clinical experience at the museum of art. Nurse Educator,14, 25-26.

Morin, J. (2008). Rural hospital adopts Planetree model: MCMC uses art, music, integrative therapies. Healthcare Benchmarks & Quality Improvement, 15(10), 106-108.

Moyle, W., Barnard, A., Turner, C. (1995). The humanities and nursing: using popular literature as a means to understanding human experience. Journal of Advance Nursing, 21(5), 960-964.

Myskja, A., & Håpnes, O. (2010). Music and health in a local community. A coordinated teaching program in five nursing homes in Mid-Norway [Norwegian]. Norsk Tidsskrift For Sykepleieforskning, 12(1), 3-15. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Smith, B. (2010). Treatment of dementia through cultural arts... originally in the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care, Volume 11, Number 3, 1992. Care Management Journals, 11(1), 42-47.

Washington, O.G., Moxley D.P. (March 2008). Telling my story: from narrative to exhibit in illuminating the lived experience of homelessness among older African American women. Journal of Health Psychology, 13(2),154-65.

Yonas, M.A., Burke J.G., Rak K., Bennett A., Kelly V., Gielen A.C. (Winter 2009). A Picture’s Worth a Thousand Words: Engaging Youth in CBPR Using the Creative Arts. Program Community Health Partnership, 3(4):349-58.

History

Baron, J.H. (1995). Art in hospitals. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 89(9), 482-483.

Espinel, C.H. (1996). de Kooning's late colours and forms: dementia, creativity and the healing power of art. The Lancet, 347(9008), 1096-1098.

Espinel, C.H. (1998). Art and neuroscience: how the brain sees Vermeer's Woman Holding a Balance. The Lancet, 352(9145), 2007-2009.

Policy

Miles, M.F.R. (1994). Art in hospitals: does it work? A survey of evaluation of arts projects in the NHS. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 87, 161-163.

Staricoff, R.L. (2006). Arts in health: the value of evaluation. The Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, 126(3), 116-120.

Staricoff, R.L., Duncan, J., Wright, M., Loppert, S., Scott, J. (2001). A study of the effects of visual and performing arts in healthcare. Hospital Development, 32, 25-28.

Research & Evaluation

Choi , B.C. (Spring 2008). Awareness of music therapy practices and factors influencing specific theoretical approaches. Journal of Music Therapy, 45(1), 93-109.

Daykin N, Orme J, Evans D, Salmon D With, McEachran M, Brain S. (March 2008). The Impact of Participation in Performing Arts on Adolescent Health and Behaviour: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Journal of Health Psychology, 13(2), 251-264.

Götell E., Brown S., Ekman S.L. (January 30, 2008). The influence of caregiver singing and background music on vocally expressed emotions and moods in dementia care: A qualitative analysis). International Journal of Nursing Studies, [Epub ahead of print].

Lazarus, P.A., Rosslyn, F.M. (2003). The arts in medicine: setting up and evaluating a new special study module at Leicester Warwick Medical School. Medical Education, 37(6), 553-559.

Mell, J.C., Howard, S.M., Miller, L. (2003). Art and the brain: The influence of frontotemporal dementia on an accomplished artist. Neurology, 60(10), 1707-1710.

Menegazzi, J.J., Paris, P.M., Kersteen, C.H., Flynn, B., Trautman, D.E. (1991). A randomized controlled trial of the use of music during laceration repair. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 20(4), 348-350.

Miles, M.F.R. (1994). Art in hospitals: does it work? A survey of evaluation of arts projects in the NHS. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 87, 161-163.

Naghshineh, S., Hafler, J.P., A.R., Blanco, M.A., Lipsitz, S.R., Dubroff, R.P., et al. (2008). Formal Art Observation Training Improves Medical Students' Visual Diagnostic Skills. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 23(7), 991-97.

Romo R., Gifford L. (November-Decmber 2007). A cost-benefit analysis of music therapy in a home hospice. Nursing Economics, 25(6), 353-358.

Schaver, K.H., Lacey, L.M. (2003). Job and career satisfaction among staff nurses: effects of job setting and environment. Journal Nursing Administration, 33(3), 166-172.

Scher, P., Senior, P. (2000). Research and Evaluation of the Exeter Health Care Arts Project. Journal of Medical Ethics, 26, 71-78

Stuckey, H., & Nobel, J. (2010). The connection between art, healing, and public health: a review of current literature. American Journal of Public Health, 100(2), 254-263.

Thaut MH, Kenyon GP, Schauer ML, McIntosh GC. (March-April 1999). The connection between rhythmicity and brain function. IEEE engineering in medicine and biology magazine : the quarterly magazine of the Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society, 18(2):101-8.

Walworth, D. (2005). Procedural-support music therapy in the healthcare setting: A cost-effectiveness analysis. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 20(4), 276–284.

Spirituality

Baider, L., & Wein, S. (2001). Reality and fugues in physicians facing death: Confrontation, coping, and adaptation at the bedside. Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology, 40, 97–103.

Chen, S., Walsh, S. (2009). Effect of a Creative-Bonding Intervention on Taiwanese Nursing Students' Self-Transcendence and Attitude Toward Elders. Research in Nursing & Health, 32, 204-216.

Cox, H., and Roberts, P. (2007). From Music into Silence: An Exploration of Music-thanatology vigils at End of Life: Spirituality and Health International, 8, 80-91.

Killick, J., Allan, K. (1999b). The arts in dementia care: touching the human spirit. Journal of Dementia Care, 7(5), 33-37.

Li, F., Harmer, P., Fisher, K., McAuley, E., Chaumeton, N., Eckstrom, E.,and Wilson, L.(2005). Tai Chi and Fall Reductions in Older Adults: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 60(2), 187-94.

Lowis, M.J., Hughes, J. (1977). A comparison of the effects of sacred and secular music on elderly people. Journal of Psychology, 131(1), 45-55.

Macduff, C. (1998). Poetry and the spirit level in nursing: seeing with Burns and Whitman. European Nurse, 3(3), 197-206.

Marshall, M., (2003). Creative Learning: The Mandala as Teaching Exercise. Journal of Nursing Education, 42(11), 517-519.

O’Maille, T., & Kasayka, R. (2005). Touching the Spirit at the End of Life, Dementia advances: Providing Care for Persons with Late-Stage Dementia. Alzheimer’s Care Quarterly, 6(1), 62-70.

Rockwood-Lane, M. (2005).Creativity and spirituality in nursing: implementing art and healing: Holistic Nursing Practice, 19(3),122-125.

Schmock, B., Breckenridge, D., & Benedict, K. (2009). Effect of sacred space environment on surgical patient outcomes: a pilot study. International Journal for Human Caring, 13(1), 49-59. Retrieved from CINAHL database

Schmock, B., Breckenridge, D., & Benedict, K. (2009). Effect of sacred space environment on surgical patient outcomes: a pilot study. International Journal for Human Caring, 13(1), 49-59. Retrieved from CINAHL database

Sorajjakool, S., (1998). Ontology and Spirituality: A Jungian Perspective. Pastoral Psychology, 46(4), 267-280.

Architecture

Bhattacharya, J., Petsche, H. (2001). Universality in the brain while listening to music. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 268(1484), 2423-2433.

Blood, D.J., Ferris, S.J. (1993). Effects of background music on anxiety, satisfaction with communication and productivity. Psychology Rep., 72(1), 171-177.

Bodner, M., Muftuler, L.T., Nalcioglu, O., Shaw, G.L. (2001). FMRI study relevant to the Mozart effect: brain areas involved in spatial-temporal reasoning. Neurological Research, 23(7), 683-690.

Drahota A, Ward D, Mackenzie H, Stores R, Higgins B, Gal D, Dean TP. ( March 2012). Sensory environment on health-related outcomes of hospital patients. Cochrane Database Systematic Review, 14(3).

Harris, A.H., Thoresen, C.E., Humphreys, K., & Faul J. (2005). Does writing affect asthma? A randomized trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67(1), 130-136.

Hawksworth, C., Asbury, A.J., Millar K. (1997). Music in theatre: not so harmonious. Anaesthesia, 52, 77-83.

Hawksworth, C.R., Sivalingam, P., Asbury, A.J. (1998). The effect of music on anaesthetists' psychomotor performances. Anaesthesia, 53(2), 195-197.

Hayes, A., Buffum, M., Lanier, E., Rodhal, E., Sasso, C. (2003). A music intervention to reduce anxiety prior to gastrointestinal procedures. Gastroenterology Nursing, 26(4), 145-149.

Hays, T., & Minichiello, V. (2005). The contribution of music to quality of life in older people: an Australian qualitative study. Ageing & Society, 25, 261-278.

Heiser, R.M., Chiles, K., Fudge, M., Gray, S. (1997). The use of music during the immediate post-operative recovery period. AORN Journal, 65, 777-785.

Henderson, J.M., Hollingworth, A. (1999). High-level scene perception. Annual Review of Psychology, 50(1999), 243-271.

Hendricks-Ferguson, V. (1997). An analysis of the concept of hope in the adolescent with cancer. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 14(2), 73-80.

Henson, R.A. (1988). Maurice Ravel's illness: a tragedy of lost creativity. British Medical Journal, 296, 1585-1588.

Herrmann, N. (2001). Recommendations for the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Canadian Journal of Neurological Science, 28(1), S96-107.

Hicks, S. (2002). Relaxing music; what effect does it have on agitation at mealtime among nursing home patients with dementia? Info Nursing, 33(3), 17-19.

Hoffman, J., (1998). Music and Your Heart' The power of rhythm. Open Ear 2, 20-26.

Homicki, B., Joyce, E.K. (2004). Art illuminates patients' experience at the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center. The Oncologist, 9, 111-114.

Horowitz, H.W. (1996). Poetry on rounds: a model for the integration of humanities into residency training. The Lancet, 347, 447-449.

Hsu, W., & Lai, H. (2004). Effects of music on major depression in psychiatric inpatients. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 18(5), 193-199.

Jones, A.H. (1997). Literature and medicine: narratives of mental illness. The Lancet, 350(9074), 359-361.

Lawson, B., Phiri, M. (2000). Hospital Design. Room for improvement. Health Service Journal, 24, 20-23.

McDaniel, J.H., Hunt, A., Hackes, B., Pope, J.F. (2001). Impact of dining room environment intake of Alzheimer's residents: a case study. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 16(5), 297-302.

Oberle, K., Wry, J., Paul, P., Grace, M. (1990). Environment, anxiety, and postoperative pain. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 12(6), 746-753.

Curatorial

Hawksworth, C., Asbury, A.J., Millar K. (1997). Music in theatre: not so harmonious. Anaesthesia, 52, 77-83.

Hays, T., & Minichiello, V. (2005). The contribution of music to quality of life in older people: an Australian qualitative study. Ageing & Society, 25, 261-278.

Jones, A.H. (1997). Literature and medicine: narratives of mental illness. The Lancet, 350(9074), 359-361.

Graphic/Multimedia

Cohen, L.L., Blount, R. L., Panopoulos, G. (1997). Nurse coaching and cartoon distraction: an effective and practical intervention to reduce child, parent, and nurse distress during immunization. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 22, 355-70.

Hains, A.P. (1996). Effect of music on ambulatory surgery patients’ pre-operative anxiety. AORN Journal, 63(4), 750-758.

Hays, T., & Minichiello, V. (2005). The contribution of music to quality of life in older people: an Australian qualitative study. Ageing & Society, 25, 261-278.

Kennett, C., (2000). Participation in a creative arts project can foster hope in a hospice day centre. Palliative Medicine, 14, 419-425.

Khalfa, S., Bella, S.D., Roy, M., Peretz, I., Lupien, S.J. (2003). Effects of relaxing music on salivary cortisol level after psychological stress. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 999, 37-376.

Lawson, B., Phiri, M. (2000). Hospital Design. Room for improvement. Health Service Journal, 24, 20-23.

Interior

Bhattacharya, J., Petsche, H. (2001). Universality in the brain while listening to music. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 268(1484), 2423-2433.

Bodner, M., Muftuler, L.T., Nalcioglu, O., Shaw, G.L. (2001). FMRI study relevant to the Mozart effect: brain areas involved in spatial-temporal reasoning. Neurological Research, 23(7), 683-690.

Hains, A.P. (1996). Effect of music on ambulatory surgery patients’ pre-operative anxiety. AORN Journal, 63(4), 750-758.

Harris, A.H., Thoresen, C.E., Humphreys, K., & Faul J. (2005). Does writing affect asthma? A randomized trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67(1), 130-136.

Hawksworth, C., Asbury, A.J., Millar K. (1997). Music in theatre: not so harmonious. Anaesthesia, 52, 77-83.

Hawksworth, C.R., Sivalingam, P., Asbury, A.J. (1998). The effect of music on anaesthetists' psychomotor performances. Anaesthesia, 53(2), 195-197.

Hayes, A., Buffum, M., Lanier, E., Rodhal, E., Sasso, C. (2003). A music intervention to reduce anxiety prior to gastrointestinal procedures. Gastroenterology Nursing, 26(4), 145-149.

Hays, T., & Minichiello, V. (2005). The contribution of music to quality of life in older people: an Australian qualitative study. Ageing & Society, 25, 261-278.

Heiser, R.M., Chiles, K., Fudge, M., Gray, S. (1997). The use of music during the immediate post-operative recovery period. AORN Journal, 65, 777-785.

Henderson, J.M., Hollingworth, A. (1999). High-level scene perception. Annual Review of Psychology, 50(1999), 243-271.

Hendricks-Ferguson, V. (1997). An analysis of the concept of hope in the adolescent with cancer. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 14(2), 73-80.

Henson, R.A. (1988). Maurice Ravel's illness: a tragedy of lost creativity. British Medical Journal, 296, 1585-1588.

Herrmann, N. (2001). Recommendations for the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Canadian Journal of Neurological Science, 28(1), S96-107.

Hicks, S. (2002). Relaxing music; what effect does it have on agitation at mealtime among nursing home patients with dementia? Info Nursing, 33(3), 17-19.

Hoffman, J., (1998). Music and Your Heart' The power of rhythm. Open Ear 2, 20-26.

Holden, C. (2001). How the brain understands music. Science, 292, 5517, 623.

Homicki, B., Joyce, E.K. (2004). Art illuminates patients' experience at the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center. The Oncologist, 9, 111-114.

Horowitz, H.W. (1996). Poetry on rounds: a model for the integration of humanities into residency training. The Lancet, 347, 447-449.

Hsu, W., & Lai, H. (2004). Effects of music on major depression in psychiatric inpatients. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 18(5), 193-199.

Hunter, K.M., Charon, R., Coulehan, J.L. (1995). The study of literature in medical education. Academy of Medicine, 70, 787-794.

Jones, A.H. (1997). Literature and medicine: narratives of mental illness. The Lancet, 350(9074), 359-361.

Krumhansl, C.L. (2002). Music: A link between cognition and emotion. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11(2), 45-50.

Lawson, B., Phiri, M. (2000). Hospital Design. Room for improvement. Health Service Journal, 24, 20-23.

McDaniel, J.H., Hunt, A., Hackes, B., Pope, J.F. (2001). Impact of dining room environment intake of Alzheimer's residents: a case study. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 16(5), 297-302.

Oberle, K., Wry, J., Paul, P., Grace, M. (1990). Environment, anxiety, and postoperative pain. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 12(6), 746-753.

Landscape/Horticulture

Appleton, J. (1975). The experience of landscape. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Bhattacharya, J., Petsche, H. (2001). Universality in the brain while listening to music. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 268(1484), 2423-2433.

Blanchette, D.M., Ramocki, S.P., O'del, J.N., Casey, M.S. (2005). Aerobic Exercise and Creative Potential: Immediate and Residual Effects. Creativity Research Journal, 17(2&3), 257-264.

Blood, D.J., Ferris, S.J. (1993). Effects of background music on anxiety, satisfaction with communication and productivity. Psychology Rep., 72(1), 171-177.

Gonzalez, M. T., Hartig, T., Patel, G. G., Martinsen, E. W., & Kirkevold, M. (2011) A prospective study of group cohesiveness in therapeutic horticulture for clinical depression. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 20(2), 119-129.

Hawksworth, C., Asbury, A.J., Millar K. (1997). Music in theatre: not so harmonious. Anaesthesia, 52, 77-83.

Hawksworth, C.R., Sivalingam, P., Asbury, A.J. (1998). The effect of music on anaesthetists' psychomotor performances. Anaesthesia, 53(2), 195-197.

Hayes, A., Buffum, M., Lanier, E., Rodhal, E., Sasso, C. (2003). A music intervention to reduce anxiety prior to gastrointestinal procedures. Gastroenterology Nursing, 26(4), 145-149.

Hays, T., & Minichiello, V. (2005). The contribution of music to quality of life in older people: an Australian qualitative study. Ageing & Society, 25, 261-278.

Hebert, S., Peretz, I. (2001). Are text and tune of familiar songs separable by brain damage? Brain & Cognition, 46(1-2), 169-175.

Henderson, J.M., Hollingworth, A. (1999). High-level scene perception. Annual Review of Psychology, 50(1999), 243-271.

Hendricks-Ferguson, V. (1997). An analysis of the concept of hope in the adolescent with cancer. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 14(2), 73-80.

Herrmann, N. (2001). Recommendations for the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Canadian Journal of Neurological Science, 28(1), S96-107.

Hicks, S. (2002). Relaxing music; what effect does it have on agitation at mealtime among nursing home patients with dementia? Info Nursing, 33(3), 17-19.

Horowitz, H.W. (1996). Poetry on rounds: a model for the integration of humanities into residency training. The Lancet, 347, 447-449.

Hsu, W., & Lai, H. (2004). Effects of music on major depression in psychiatric inpatients. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 18(5), 193-199.

Hughes, J.R., Daaboul, Y., Fino, J.J., Shaw, G.L. (1998). The “Mozart effect” on epileptiform activity. Clinical Electroencephalography, 29(3), 109-119.

Hughes, J.R., Fino, J.J. (2000). The Mozart effect: distinctive aspects of the music- a clue to brain coding? Clinical Electroencephalography, 31(2), 94-103.

Hughes, J.R., Fino, J.J., Melyn, M.A. (1999). Is there a chronic change of the “Mozart effect” on epileptiform activity? A case study. Clinical Electroencephalography, 30, 44-45.

Hunter, K.M., Charon, R., Coulehan, J.L. (1995). The study of literature in medical education. Academy of Medicine, 70, 787-794.

Hutchinson, S., Lee, L.H., Gaab, N., Schlaug, G. (2003). Cerebellar volume of musicians. Cerebral Cortex, 13(9), 943-949.

Jones, A.H. (1997). Literature and medicine: narratives of mental illness. The Lancet, 350(9074), 359-361.

Kline, G. (2009). Does a view of nature promote relief from acute pain?. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 27(3), 159-166. Retrieved from CINAHL database

Kline, G. (2009). Does a view of nature promote relief from acute pain?. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 27(3), 159-166. Retrieved from CINAHL database

Lawson, B., Phiri, M. (2000). Hospital Design. Room for improvement. Health Service Journal, 24, 20-23.

McCaffrey, R. (2007). The effect of healing gardens and art therapy on older adults with mild to moderate depression. Holistic Nursing Practice, 21(2), 79–84.

Stark, M.A. (2003). Restoring Attention in Pregnancy: The Natural Environment. Clinical Nursing Research, 12(3), 246-265.

Ulrich, R. (1984). View through a window may influence recovery from surgery. Science, 224, 420–421.

Ulrich, R., Lunden, O., & Eltinge, J. (1993). Effects of exposure to nature and abstract pictures on patients recovering from open heart surgery. Psycholophysiology: Journal of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, 30, suppl 1, S7.

Ulrich, R., Simons, R., Losito, B., Fiorito, E., Miles, M., & Zelson, M. (1991). Stress recovery during exposure to natural and urban environments. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 11, 201–230.

Grade School

Baeck, E. (2002). The neural networks of music. European Journal of Neurology, 9(5), 449-456.

Baikie, K.A., Wilhelm, K. (2005). Emotional and physical health benefits of expressive writing. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 11, 338-346.

Begley, A.M. (1996). Literature and poetry: pleasure and practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2(4), 182-188.

Daykin N, Orme J, Evans D, Salmon D With, McEachran M, Brain S. (March 2008). The Impact of Participation in Performing Arts on Adolescent Health and Behaviour: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Journal of Health Psychology, 13(2), 251-264.

Daykin N, Orme J, Evans D, Salmon D With, McEachran M, Brain S. (March 2008). The Impact of Participation in Performing Arts on Adolescent Health and Behaviour: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Journal of Health Psychology, 13(2):251-264.

Duplessis, J., & Lochner, L. (1981). The Effects of Group Psychotherapy on the Adjustment of Four 12-Year-Old Boys with Learning and Behavior Problems. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 14(4), 209-212.

Williams O, Noble JM. (October 2008). Hip-hop' stroke: a stroke educational program for elementary school children living in a high-risk community. Stroke, 39(10):2809-16.

High School

Frandsen, J.L. (1990). Music is a valuable anxiolytic during local and regional anaesthesia. Nurse Anaesthesia, 1(4), 181-182.

Kindergarten and Pre-K

Baeck, E. (2002). The neural networks of music. European Journal of Neurology, 9(5), 449-456.

Baikie, K.A., Wilhelm, K. (2005). Emotional and physical health benefits of expressive writing. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 11, 338-346.

Begley, A.M. (1996). Literature and poetry: pleasure and practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2(4), 182-188.

University/College

Anderson, R., Schiedermayer, D. (2003). The art of medicine through the humanities: an overview of a one-month humanities elective for fourth year students. Medical Education, 37(6), 560-562.

Bardes, C.L., Gillers, D., Herman, A.E. (2001). Learning to look: developing observational skills at an art museum. Medical Education, 35(12), 1157-1161.

Barnard, D. (1994). Making a place for the humanities in residency education. Academy of Medicine, 69, 628-630.

Calman, K., Downie, R. (1996). Why arts courses for medical curricula? The Lancet, 34, 1499-1500.

Downie, R.S., Macnaughton, J. (1999). Should medical students read Plato? Medical Journal of Australia, 170,125-127.

Grant, V.J., Jackson, A., Suk, T. (2002). Courses, content and a student essay in medical humanities. Medical Humanities, 28(1), 49-52.

Koelsch, S., Grossmann, T., Gunter, T.C., Hahne, A., Schroger, E., Friederici, A.D. (2003). Children processing music: electric brain responses reveal music competence and gender differences. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 15(5), 683-693.

Poetry

Begley, A.M. (1996). Literature and poetry: pleasure and practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2(4), 182-188.

Coulehan, J., Clary, P. (2005). Healing the healer: poetry in palliative care. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 8(2), 382-389.

De Villiers, J.C. (1993). Poetry and the neurosurgeon. Acta Neurochirurgica, 124,166 167.

Espinel, C.H. (1996). de Kooning's late colours and forms: dementia, creativity and the healing power of art. The Lancet, 347(9008), 1096-1098.

Esterling, B.A., L'Abate, L., Murray, E.J., Pennebaker, J.W. (1999). Empirical foundations for writing in prevention and psychotherapy: mental and physical health outcomes. Clinical Psychology Review, 19, 79-96.

Evans, D. (2002). The effectiveness of music as an intervention for hospital patients: a systematic review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 37, 8-18.

Evans, H.M., Greaves, D. (2002). Medical education aiming the healing arts? Medical Humanities, 28(2), 57-60.

Evans, M., Greaves, D. (2001). Developing the medical humanities. Medical Humanities, 27(2), 93-98.

Evers, S., Dannert, J., Rodding, D., Rotter, G., Ringelstein, E.B. (1999). The cerebral haemodynamics of music perception. Brain, 122(1), 75-85.

Field, T., Martinez, A., Nawrocki, T., Pickens, J., Fox, N.A., Schanberg, S. (1998). Music shifts frontal EEG in depressed adolescents. Adolescence, 33(129),109-116.

Foster, N.A., Valentine, E.R. (2001). The effect of auditory stimulation on autobiographical recall in dementia. Experimental Ageing Research, 27(3), 215-228.

Horowitz, H.W. (1996). Poetry on rounds: a model for the integration of humanities into residency training. The Lancet, 347, 447-449.

Hunter, K.M., Charon, R., Coulehan, J.L. (1995). The study of literature in medical education. Academy of Medicine, 70, 787-794.

Kaufman, J.C., Baer, J. (2002). I bask in dreams of suicide: Mental illness, poetry, and women. Review of General Psychology, 6(3), 271-286.

Lerdahal, F. (2001). The sounds of poetry viewed as music. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 930, 337-354.

Macduff, C. (1998). Poetry and the spirit level in nursing: seeing with Burns and Whitman. European Nurse, 3(3), 197-206.

Macduff, C., West, B. (2002). Arts in healthcare. Developing the use of poetry within healthcare culture. British Journal of Nursing, 11(5), 338-341.

Manthrope, J. (2000). Dementia in contemporary fiction and biography. The Journal of Dementia Care, 8(3), 35-37.

McArdle, S., & Byrt, R. (2001). Fiction, poetry and mental health: expressive and therapeutic uses of literature. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 8(6), 517-524.

Risse, G.B. (1992). Literature and medicine. Western Journal of Medicine, 156, 431.

Reading & Literacy

Downie, R.S. (1999). The role of literature in medical education. Journal of Medical Ethics, 25, 529-531.

Downie, R.S., Macnaughton, J. (1999). Should medical students read Plato? Medical Journal of Australia, 170,125-127.

Duplessis, J., & Lochner, L. (1981). The Effects of Group Psychotherapy on the Adjustment of Four 12-Year-Old Boys with Learning and Behavior Problems. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 14(4), 209-212.

Gillon, R. (1997). Imagination, literature, medical ethics and medical practice. Journal of Medical Ethics, 23, 3-4.

Graham, I.W. (1999). Reflective narrative and dementia care. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 8, 675-683.

Hunter, K.M., Charon, R., Coulehan, J.L. (1995). The study of literature in medical education. Academy of Medicine, 70, 787-794.

Kerr, L. (December 2010). More than words: applying the discipline of literary creative writing to the practice of reflective writing in health care education. Journal of Medical Humanities, 31(4), 295-301.

Manthrope, J. (2000). Dementia in contemporary fiction and biography. The Journal of Dementia Care, 8(3), 35-37.

McArdle, S., & Byrt, R. (2001). Fiction, poetry and mental health: expressive and therapeutic uses of literature. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 8(6), 517-524.

McKie, A., Gass, J.P. (2001). Understanding mental health through reading selected literature sources: an evaluation. Nurse Education Today, 21, 201-208.

McMellan, M.F. (1996). Literature and medicine: some major works. The Lancet, 348, 1014-1016.

McMellan, M.F., Jones, A.H. (1996). Why literature and medicine? The Lancet, 348, 109-111.

Moyle, W., Barnard, A., Turner, C. (1995). The humanities and nursing: using popular literature as a means to understanding human experience. Journal of Advance Nursing, 21(5), 960-964.

Podrug, D. (2003). Hamlet as process: a novel approach to using literature in teaching psychiatry. Psychiatry, 66(3), 202-213.

Risse, G.B. (1992). Literature and medicine. Western Journal of Medicine, 156, 431.

Skelton, J.R., Macleod, J.A.A., Thomas, C.P. (2000). Teaching literature and medicine to medical students, part II: why literature and medicine? The Lancet, 356, 2001-2003.

Smith, B.H. (1998). Literature in our medical schools. British Journal of General Practice, 48, 1337-1340.

Writing

Baikie, K.A., Wilhelm, K. (2005). Emotional and physical health benefits of expressive writing. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 11, 338-346.

Baker, Sara. (December 2009). Tell it Slant: History, Memory, and Imagination in the Healing Writing Workshop. Traumatology, 15(4), 15-23.

Espinel, C.H. (1996). de Kooning's late colours and forms: dementia, creativity and the healing power of art. The Lancet, 347(9008), 1096-1098.

Espinel, C.H. (1998). Art and neuroscience: how the brain sees Vermeer's Woman Holding a Balance. The Lancet, 352(9145), 2007-2009.

Esterling, B.A., L'Abate, L., Murray, E.J., Pennebaker, J.W. (1999). Empirical foundations for writing in prevention and psychotherapy: mental and physical health outcomes. Clinical Psychology Review, 19, 79-96.

Forbes, D.A. (1998). Strategies for managing behavioural symptomatology associated with dementia of the Alzheimer type: a systematic overview. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 30(2), 67-86.

Gidron, Y., Duncan, E. Lazar, A., Biderman, A., Tandeter, H., & Shvartzman, P. (2002). Effects of guided written disclosure of stressful experiences on clinic visits and symptoms in frequent clinic attenders. Family Practice, 19(2), 161-166.

Gortner, E., Rude, S. and Pennebaker, J. (2006). Benefits of Expressive Writing in Lowering Rumination and Depressive Symptoms: Behavior Therapy, 37, 292-303.

Graham, I.W. (1999). Reflective narrative and dementia care. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 8, 675-683.

Harris, A.H., Thoresen, C.E., Humphreys, K., & Faul J. (2005). Does writing affect asthma? A randomized trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67(1), 130-136.

Hunter, K.M., Charon, R., Coulehan, J.L. (1995). The study of literature in medical education. Academy of Medicine, 70, 787-794.

Jones, A.H. (1997). Literature and medicine: narratives of mental illness. The Lancet, 350(9074), 359-361.

Kincaid, C., Peacock, J.R. (2003). The effect of a wall mural on decreasing four types of door-testing behaviours. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 22(1), 76-88.

Kottow, M., Kottow, A. (2002). Literary narrative in medical practice. Medical Humanities, 28(1), 41-44.

Manthrope, J. (2000). Dementia in contemporary fiction and biography. The Journal of Dementia Care, 8(3), 35-37.

McArdle, S., & Byrt, R. (2001). Fiction, poetry and mental health: expressive and therapeutic uses of literature. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 8(6), 517-524.

Morgan, N., Graves, K., Poggi, E., & Cheson, B. (2008). Implementing an expressive writing study in a cancer clinic. The Oncologist, 13(2), 196–204.

Norman, S.A., Lumley, M.A., Dooley, J.A., & Diamond, M.P. (2004). For whom does it work? Moderators of the effects of written emotional disclosure in a randomized trial among women with chronic pelvic pain. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 174-183.

Petrie, K., Fontanilla, I., Thomas M.G., Booth, R.J., & Pennebaker, J.W. (2004). Effect of written emotional expression on immune function in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection: a randomized trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 272–275.

Risse, G.B. (1992). Literature and medicine. Western Journal of Medicine, 156, 431.

Comedy

Calman, K. (1997). A study of storytelling, humour and learning in medicine. Clinical Medicine, 2(2), 93-106.

Courtright, P., Johnson, S., Baumgartner, M.A., Jordan, M., Webster, J.C. (1990). Dinner music: does it affect the behavior of psychiatric in-patients? Journal of Psychosocial Nursing, 28(3), 37-40.

Dance

Franks, B., and Fraenkel, Danielle. (1991). Fairy Tales and Dance/Movement Therapy: Catalysts of Change for Eating-Disordered Individuals: The Arts in Psychotherapy, 18, 311-319.

Aktas G., Ogce F. (2005 Jul-Sep). Dance as a Therapy for Cancer Prevention. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention : APJCP, 6(3), 408-11.

Aktas G., Ogce F. (2005 Jul-Sep). Dance as a Therapy for Cancer Prevention. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention : APJCP, 6(3), 408-11.

Alpert PT, Miller SK, Wallmann H, Havey R, Cross C, Chevalia T, Gillis CB, Kodandapari K. (2009 Feb). The effect of modified jazz dance on balance, cognition, and mood in older adults. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 21(2):108-15.

Bellieni, C., Cordelli, D., Bagnoli, F., & Buonocore, G. (2004). 11-to 15-Year-Old Children of Women Who Danced during Their Pregnancy. Biology of the Neonate, 86(1), 63-65.

Benson, S. (2009, 2009 Jan-Feb). Music, dance, drama and play. Journal of Dementia Care, 17(1), 8-8.

Berrol, C.F., Ooi, W.L., & Katz, S.S. (1997). Dance/movement therapy with older adults who have sustained neurological insult: A demonstration project. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 19(2), 135–160.

Bojner-Horwitz, E., Theorell, T., & Anderberg, U. (2003). Dance/movement therapy and changes in stress-related hormones: A study of fibromyalgia patients with video-interpretation. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 30, 255–264.

Bostick, C. (1997). Dance movement and its effects on rhythmic flow and nursing practice.

Boyle, D. (1994). The use of dance/movement therapy in psychosocial nursing. Art and aesthetics in nursing (pp. 301-316). National League for Nursing Center for Human Caring.

Chafin, S., Roy, M., Gerin, W., Christenfeld, N. (2004). Music can facilitate blood pressure recovery from stress. British Journal of Health Psychology, 9(3), 393-403.

Chambliss, C., McMichael, H., Tyson, K., Monaco, C., Tracy, J. (1996). Motor performance of schizophrenics after mellow and frenetic antecedent music. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 82, 153-154.

Charon, R., Traumann, B.J., Conell, J.E. (1995). Literature and Medicine: contributions to clinical practice. Annals of Internal Medicine, 122, 599-606.

Chavin, M. (2002). Music as communication. Alzheimer's Care Quaterly, 3(2), 145-156.

Cioffi, D. (1991). Beyond attentional strategies: cognitive-perceptual model of somatic interpretation. Psychological Bulletin, 109(1), 25-41.

Clair, A.A., Bernstein, B. (1994). The effect of no music, stimulative background music and sedative background music on agitated behaviors in persons with severe dementia. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 19(1), 61-70.

Clark, M.E., Lipe, A.W., Bilbrey. M. (1998). Use of music to decrease aggressive behaviours in people with dementia. Journal of Gerontology Nursing, 24(7), 10-17.

Cohen, S.O., & Walco, G.A. (1999). Dance/movement therapy for children and adolescents with cancer. Cancer Practice, 7(1), 34-42.

Coulehan, J., Clary, P. (2005). Healing the healer: poetry in palliative care. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 8(2), 382-389.

Cruz, R., & Sabers, D. (1998). Dance/movement therapy is more effective than previously reported. The Arts in Psychotherapy: An International Journal, 25, 101-104.

Darbyshire, P. (1994). Understanding caring through arts and humanities: a medical/nursing humanities approach to promoting alternative experiences of thinking and learning. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 19, 856-863.

De Bruin, A.P., Bakker, F., Oudejans, R. (January 2009). Achievement goal theory and disordered eating: Relationships of disordered eating with goal orientations and motivational climate in female gymnasts and dancers. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 10(1):72-79.

Dibbel-Hope, S. (2000). The use of dance/movement therapy in psychological adaptation to breast cancer. The Arts in Psychotherapy: An International Journal, 27(1), 51-68.

DiGiammarino, M., Hanlon, H., Kassing, G., & Libman, K. (1992, June). Arts and aging: an annotated bibliography of selected resource materials in art, dance, drama and music. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 17(2), 39-51

Eiring, D. (2009). Painting, singing, dancing -- wheelchairs and all. PN, 63(1), 38-43. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Erwin-Grabner, T., Goodill, S., Schelly Hill, E., & VonNeida, K. (1999). Effectiveness of Dance/movement therapy on reducing test anxiety. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 21(1), 19–34.

Eyigor S., Karapolat H., Durmaz B., Ibisoglu U., Cakir S. (February 20th, 2008). A randomized controlled trial of Turkish folklore dance on the physical performance, balance, depression and quality of life in older women. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics, [Epub ahead of print].

Eyigor S., Karapolat H., Durmaz B., Ibisoglu U., Cakir S. (February 20th, 2008). A randomized controlled trial of Turkish folklore dance on the physical performance, balance, depression and quality of life in older women. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics, [Epub ahead of print].

Froggett, L., & Little, R. (2012). Dance as a complex intervention in an acute mental health setting: a place 'in-between'. British Journal Of Occupational Therapy, 75(2), 93-99.

Goodill, S. (2005a). Research letter: Dance/movement therapy for adults with cystic fibrosis: Pilot data on mood and adherence. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 11(1), 76-77.

Goodill, S. (2005b). An introduction to medical dance/movement therapy: Health care in motion. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Goodill, S. (2006). Dance/movement therapy for people living with medical illness. In S.C. Koch, & I. Brauninger (Eds.), Advances in Dance/movement therapy: Theoretical perspectives and medical findings (pp. 52-61). Berlin: Logos Verlag.

Goodison, L., & Schafer, H. (1999, October 21). A dance to the music of time... dance therapy. Health Service Journal, 109(5677), 28-29

Goodwin DL, Kohn, J, Kuhnle , A. (2004). Beyond the wheelchair: the experience of dance: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 21(3), 229 -247

Graham, S. (2002, November). Dance: a transformative occupation. Journal of Occupational Science, 9(3), 128-134.

Greenland, P. (2009, 2009 Jan-Feb). Dance: five-minute love affairs. Journal of Dementia Care, 17(1), 30-31.

Hackney M.E., Kantorovich S., Levin R., Earhart G.M. (December 2007). Effects of tango on functional mobility in Parkinson's disease: a preliminary study. Journal of Neurological Physical Therapy, 31(4):173-9.

Hackney, M., Earhart, G. (January 2010). Social Partnered Dance for People with Serious and Persistent Mental Illness: a pilot study. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 198(1): 76-8.

Heymanson, C. (2009, 2009 Jan-Feb). Linking hands in circle dance. Journal of Dementia Care, 17(1), 13-14

Holyoake DD, Reyner C. (May 2005). Moving body and mind: a nurse-led dance group for young people with a mental illness. Pediatric Nursing, 17(4): 36-9

Inzitari, M., Greenlee, A., Hess, R., Perera, S., & Studenski, S. (2009). Attitudes of postmenopausal women toward interactive video dance for exercise. Journal of Women's Health (15409996), 18(8), 1239-1243. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Kaltsatou, A., Mameletzi, D., Douka, S. (April 2011). Physical and psychological benefits of a 24-week traditional dance program in breast cancer survivors. Journal of bodywork and movement therapies, 15(2):162-7.

Kreutz, G. (March 2008).Does partnered dance promote health? The case of tango Argentino. Journal of the Royal Society of Health, 128(2), 79-84.

Marmeleira, J., Pereira, C., Cruz-Ferreira, A., Fretes, V., Pisco, R., Fernandes, O.(December 2009). Creative Dance Can Enhance Proprioception in Older Adults. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 49(4): 480-5.

Murphy, E., Carson, L., Neal, W., Baylis, C., Donley, D., Yeater, R. (November 2009). Effects of an Exercise Intervention Using Dance Dance Revolution on Endothelial and Other Risk Factors in Overweight Children. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 4(4): 205-214.

Murrock CJ, Gary FA. (Dec 19, 2008). Culturally Specific Dance to Reduce Obesity in African American Women. Health Promotion Practice, [E-pub ahead of print].

Murrock, C., Higgins, P., & Killion, C. (2009). Dance and peer support to improve diabetes outcomes in African American women. Diabetes Educator, 35(6), 995-1003.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Ekman, S. (2000). Dance events as a caregiver intervention for persons with dementia. Nursing Inquiry, 7(3), 156-165.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Winblad, B., Ekman, S.L. (1998). Social dancing: a way to support intellectual, emotional and motor functions in persons with dementia. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 5(6), 545-553.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Ekman, S., Ericsson. K. ( 2001). Nurses' opinions, ideas and beliefs about dancing and movement to music in Swedish and Finish nursing home settings. Healthcare in Later Life, 1(3), 227-229.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Ekman, S.L. (1997). Social dancing in the care of persons with dementia in a nursing home setting: a phenomenological study. Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice, 11(2), 101-118.

Penniment, K., Egan, S. (January 2012). Perfectionism and learning experiences in dance class as risk factors for eating disorders in dancers. European Eating Disorders Review. 20(1): 13–22.

Pratt, R. (2004, November). Art, dance, and music therapy. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, 15(4), 827-841

Robinson, T, Matheson, D., Kraemer, H., Wilson, D., Obarzanek, E., Thompson, N., Alhassan, S., Spencer, T., Haydel, K., Fujimoto, M., Varady, A., Killen, J. (2010). A Randomized Controlled Trial of Culturally Tailored Dance and Reducing Screen Time to Prevent Weight Gain in Low-Income African-American Girls: Stanford Gems. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 164(11): 995-1004.

Sandel, S.L., Judge, J.O., Landry, N., Faria, L., Ouellette, R., Majczak, M. (July/August 2005). Dance and Movement Program Improves Quality-of-Life Measures in Breast Cancer Survivors. Cancer Nursing, 28(4), 301–309.

Selman, L. E., Williams, J. J., & Simms, V. V. (2012). A mixed-methods evaluation of complementary therapy services in palliative care: yoga and dance therapy. European Journal Of Cancer Care, 21(1), 87-97.

Tsimaras, V., Kyriazis, D., Christoulas, K., Fotiadou, E., Kokaridas, D., Angelopoulou, N. (2010). The effect of a traditional dance training program on the physical fitness of adults with hearing loss. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24(4): 1052-8.

Wallmann HW, Gillis CB, Alpert PT, Miller SK. (2009 Jan). The effect of a senior jazz dance class on static balance in healthy women over 50 years of age: a pilot study. Biological Research for Nursing, 10(3):257-66.

Westbrook, B., & McKibben, H. (1989). Dance/movement therapy with groups of outpatients with Parkinson’s disease. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 11(1), 27–38.

Young-Mason, J. (2009, March). Music and dance bring hope to those with Parkinson disease. Clinical Nurse Specialist: The Journal for Advanced Nursing Practice, 23(2), 113-114.

Drama

Lorenz, K.A., Steckart, M.J., & Rosenfeld, K.E. (2004). End-of-life education using the dramatic arts: The Wit Educational Initiative. Academic Medicine, 79(5), 481–486.

Benson, S. (2009, 2009 Jan-Feb). Music, dance, drama and play. Journal of Dementia Care, 17(1), 8-8.

DiGiammarino, M., Hanlon, H., Kassing, G., & Libman, K. (1992, June). Arts and aging: an annotated bibliography of selected resource materials in art, dance, drama and music. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 17(2), 39-51

Glik, D., Nowak, G., Valente, T., Sapsis, K., & Martin, C. (2002). Youth performing arts entertainment-education for HIV/AIDS prevention and health promotion: Practice and research. Journal of Health Communication, 7(1), 39–57.

Maran A.G. (March 1998). Performing arts medicine. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 32(1):5.

Naar, R., Dorein-Michael, C., & Santhouse, R. (1998). Short-Term Psychodrama With Victims of Sexual Abuse. International Journal of Action Methods, 51(2), 75-82.

Ruddy, RA, Dent-Brown, K. (2007). Drama therapy for schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like illnesses. Cochrane Database System Review.1 :CD005378.

Sinding, C., Gray, r., Grassau, P., Damianakis, & Hampson, A. (2006). Audience responses to a research-based drama about life after breast cancer. Psychooncology, 15(8), 694–700.

Wikstrom, B.(2005). Communicating via Expressive Arts: the natural medium of self-expression for hospitalized children. Pediatric Nursing, 31, 480-85.

Music

Aleman, A., Nieuwenstein, M.R., Bocker, K.B., de Haan, E.H. (2000). Music training and mental imagery ability. Neuropsychologia, 38(12), 1664-1668.

Allen, K. Golden, L.H., Izzo, J.L. Jr, Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492

Allen, K., Blascovich, J. (1994). Effects of music on cardiovascular reactivity among surgeons. Journal of the American Medical Association, 272(11), 882-884.

Altenmuller, E. (2001). How many music centres are in the brain? Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 930, 273-280.

Altenmuller, E., Gruhn, W., Parlitz, D., Kahrs, J. (1997). Music learning produces changes in brain activation patterns: a longitudinal DC-EEG study. International Journal of Arts Medicine, 5(1), 28-33.

Altenmuller, E., Schurmann, K., Lim, V.K., Parlitz, D. (2002). Hits to the left, flops to the right: different emotions during listening to music are reflected in cortical lateralisation patterns Neuropsychologia, 40(13), 2242-2256.

Andrade, P.E., Bhattacharya, J. (2003). Brain tuned to music. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 96(6), 284-287.

Aragon D, Farris C, Byers JF. (September-October, 2002). The effects of harp music in vascular and thoracic surgical patients. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 8(5), 52-4, 56-60.

Arikan, M.K., Devrim, M., Oran, O., Inan, S., Elhih, M., Demiralp, T. (1999). Music effects on event-related potentials of humans on the basis of cultural environment. Neuroscience Letters, 268(1), 21-24.

Arnon, S., Shapsa, A., Forman, L., Regev, R., Bauer, S., Litmanovitz, I., et al. (2006). Live music is beneficial to preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit environment. Birth, 33(2), 131–136.

Arslan, S., Özer, N., & Özyurt, F. (2008, December). Effect of music on preoperative anxiety in men undergoing urogenital surgery. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 26(2), 46-54.

Arts, S., Abu-Saad. H., Champion, G., Crawford, M., Fisher, R., Juniper, K., & Ziegler, J. (1994). Age-Related Response to Lidocaine-Prilocaine (EMLA) Emulsion and Effect of Music Distraction on the Pain of Intravenous Cannulation. Pediatrics, 93, 797-801.

Augustin, P., Hains, A.A. (1996). Effect of music on ambulatory surgery patients’ preoperative anxiety. Association of Operating Room Nurses Journal, 63(4), 753-758.

Avers L, Mathur A, Kamat D. (September 2007). Music therapy in pediatrics. Clinical Pediatrics, 46(7):575-9.

Ayotte, J., Peretz, I., Hyde, K. (2002). Congenital amusia: a group study of adults afflicted with a music-specific disorder. Brain, 125, 238-251.

Ayotte, J., Peretz, I., Rousseau, I., Bard, C., Bojanowski, M. (2000). Patterns of music agnosia associated with middle cerebral artery infarcts. Brain, 123(9), 1926-1938.

Ayoub, C.M., Rizk, L.B., Yaacoub, C.I., Gaal, D., Kain, Z.N. (2005). Music and ambient operating room noise in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 100(5), 1316-1319.

Baeck, E. (2002). The neural networks of music. European Journal of Neurology, 9(5), 449-456.

Bailey, L. (1986). Music therapy in pain management. Journal of Pain Symptom Management, 1, 25–28.

Baker, F. , Bor, W., (August 2008). Can music preference indicate mental health status in young people? Australasian Psychiatry, 16(4), 284-288.

Bampton, P., Draper, B. (1997). Effect of relaxation music on patient tolerance of gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 25(1), 343-345.

Bangert, M., Haeusler, U., Altenmuller, E. (2001). On practice: how the brain connects piano keys and piano sounds. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 930, 425-428.

Barber, C.F. (1999). The use of music and color theory as a behavior modifier. British Journal of Nursing, 8(7), 443-448.

Barnason, S., Zimmerman, L., Nieveen, J. (1995). The effects of music interventions on anxiety in the patient after coronary artery bypass grafting. Heart and Lung, 24(2), 124-132.

Batt-Rawden K, Tellnes G. (Jan 21, 2011). How music may promote healthy behavior. Scand Journal of Public Health. Eastern Norway Research Centre, Lillehammer, Norway, [Epub ahead of print].

Bauer, C.L., Victorson, D., Rosenbloom, S., Barocas, J., Silver, R.K. (March 2010). Alleviating distress during antepartum hospitalization: a randomized controlled trial of music and recreation therapy. Journal of Women’s Health, 19(3):523-31.

Bechtold M.L, Perez R.A., Puli S.R., Marshall J.B. (December 7, 2006). Effect of music on patients undergoing outpatient colonoscopy. World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG., 12(45), 7309-7312.

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Turner-Musa, J., Rhodes, W., Harper, P., & Quinton, S. (2008). Hip-hop to prevent substance use and HIV among African-American youth: a preliminary investigation. Journal of Drug Education, 38(4), 351-365. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Walworth D., Rumana C.S., Nguyen J., Jarred J. (Fall 2008). Effects of live music therapy sessions on quality of life indicators, medications administered and hospital length of stay for patients undergoing elective surgical procedures for brain. Journal of Music Therapy, 45(3), 349-59.

Walworth, D. (2005). Procedural-support music therapy in the healthcare setting: A cost-effectiveness analysis. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 20(4), 276–284.

Wang, S. (2010, February 22). Music Helps Stroke Victims Communiciate. Retrieved February 25, 2010 from The Wall Street Journal

Warren, J. (February 2008). Medicine, music and the mind. Clinical Medicine – London, England. 8(1), 7-8.

Weber, S., Nuessler, V. and Wilmanns, W. (1997). A pilot study on the influence of receptive music listening on cancer patients receiving chemotherapy: International Journal of Critical Care, 8(4), 220-230.

Weeks, B. P., & Nilsson, U. (2011). Music interventions in patients during coronary angiographic procedures: A randomized controlled study of the effect on patients' anxiety and well-being. European Journal Of Cardiovascular Nursing, 10(2), 88-93.

Weiland TJ, Jelinek GA, Macarow KE, Samartzis P, Brown DM, Grierson EM, Winter C. (December 2011). Original sound compositions reduce anxiety in emergency department patients: a randomised controlled trial. Medical Journal of Australia, 195(11-12):694-8.

White, J.M. (1999). Effects of relaxing music on cardiac autonomic balance and anxiety after acute myocardial infarction. American Journal of Critical Care, 8(4), 220–230.

Williams O, Noble JM. (October 2008). Hip-hop' stroke: a stroke educational program for elementary school children living in a high-risk community. Stroke, 39(10):2809-16.

Young T, Griffin E, Phillips E, Stanley E. (September 2010). Music as Distraction in a Pediatric Emergency Department. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 36(5):472-3.

Young-Mason, J. (2009, March). Music and dance bring hope to those with Parkinson disease. Clinical Nurse Specialist: The Journal for Advanced Nursing Practice, 23(2), 113-114.

Yu, H., Liu, Y., Li, S., Ma, X. (November 2009). Effects of music on anxiety and pain in children with cerebral palsy receiving acupuncture: a randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies, (11):1423-30.

Zhao, H., & Chen, A. (2009). Both happy and sad melodies modulate tonic human heat pain. Journal of Pain, 10(9), 953-960. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Zhao, H., & Chen, A. (2009). Both happy and sad melodies modulate tonic human heat pain. Journal of Pain, 10(9), 953-960. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Storytelling

Franks, B., and Fraenkel, Danielle. (1991). Fairy Tales and Dance/Movement Therapy: Catalysts of Change for Eating-Disordered Individuals: The Arts in Psychotherapy, 18, 311-319.

Argyle, E. (2003). Art for health: the social perspective. Mental Health Nursing, 23(3), 4-6.

Bray, M., Theodore, L., Patwa, S., Margiano, S., Alric, J., & Peck, H. (2003). Written emotional expression as an intervention for asthma. Psychology in the Schools, 40(2), 193–207.

Brownell, M.D. (2002). Musically adapted social stories to modify behaviors in students wit autism: four case studies. Journal of Music Therapy, 117-44.

Calman, K. (1997). A study of storytelling, humour and learning in medicine. Clinical Medicine, 2(2), 93-106.

Crogan, N.L., Evans, B.C., Bendel, R. (March 2008). Storytelling intervention for patients with cancer: part 2 – pilot testing. Oncology Nursing Forum, 35(2), 265-272.

Fowler-Kerry, S., Lander, J.R. (1987). Management of injection pain in children. Pain, 30(2),169-75.

Frandsen, J.L. (1990). Music is a valuable anxiolytic during local and regional anaesthesia. Nurse Anaesthesia, 1(4), 181-182.

Freeman, M. (1991). Therapeutic use of storytelling for older children who are critically ill. Children’s Health Care, 20(4), 208–215.

Gallagher, A.G., Dinan, T.G., Baker, L.J.V. (1994). The effects of varying auditory input on schizophrenic hallucinations: a replication. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 67, 67-75.

Ganidagli, S., Cengiz, M., Yanik, M., Becerik, C., Unal, B. (2005). The effect of music on preoperative sedation and the bispectral index. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 101(1), 103-106.

Gaser, C., Schlaug, G. (2003). Brain structures differ between musicians and nonmusicians. Journal of Neuroscience, 23(27), 9240-9245.

Gerdner, L. (1997). An individualized music intervention for agitation. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 3(6), 177-184.

Gerdner, L.A., Mentes, J.C., Titler, M.G. (1999). Individualized music intervention protocol. Journal of Gerontology Nursing, 25(10), 10-16.

Heiney, S. (1995). The healing power of story. Oncology Nursing Forum, 22(6), 899–904.

Holm AK, Lepp M, Ringsberg KC. (Feb 2005). Dementia: involving patients in storytelling--a caring intervention. A pilot study. Journal of Clinical Nursing,14(2):256-63.

Houston, T.K., Allison, J.J., Sussman, M., Horn, W., Holt, C.L., Trobaugh, J., Salas, M., Pisu, M., Cuffee, Y.L., Larkin, D., Person, S.D., Barton, B., Kiefe, C.I., Hullett, S. (January 2011). Culturally appropriate storytelling to improve blood pressure: a randomized trial, Annals of Internal Medicine, 18;154 (2):77-84.

Jeffries, K.J., Fritz, J.B., Braun, A.R. (2003). Words in melody: an H(2)15O PET study of brain activation during singing and speaking. Neuroreport, 14(5), 749-754.

Maran A.G. (March 1998). Performing arts medicine. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 32(1):5.

Rouseau C, Lamox L, Bagilishya D, Heusch N. (1993). Working with myths: creative expression workshops for immigrant and refugee children in a school setting: Art Therapy, 20(1), 3-10.

Salmon, K., McGuigan, F., Pereira, J.K. (2006). Brief report: Optimizing children's memory and management of an invasive medical procedure: the influence of procedural narration and distraction. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 31(5), 522-527.

Stanley, P., Hurst, M. (January 2011). Narrative palliative care: method for building empathy. Journal of Social Work and End of Life Palliative Care, 7(1), 39-55.

Washington, O.G., Moxley D.P. (March 2008). Telling my story: from narrative to exhibit in illuminating the lived experience of homelessness among older African American women. Journal of Health Psychology, 13(2),154-65.

Theater

Ballon, B., Silver, I. and Fidler, D. (September-October 2007). Headspace Theater: An Innovative Method for Experiential Learning of Psychiatric Symptomatology Using Modified Role-Playing and Improvisational Theater Techniques: Academic Psychiatry, 31(5), 380-387.

Codispoti, M., Bradley, M.M., Lang, P. (2001). Affective reactions to briefly presented pictures. Psychophysiology, 38, 474-478.

Cohen, D.J., Bennett, S.I. (1997). Why can't most people draw what they see? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 23(3), 609-621.

Cohen, G.D. (2000). Two new intergenerational interventions for Alzheimer's disease and families. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 15(3), 137-142.

Cohen, L.L., Blount, R. L., Panopoulos, G. (1997). Nurse coaching and cartoon distraction: an effective and practical intervention to reduce child, parent, and nurse distress during immunization. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 22, 355-70.

Colantonio, A., Kontos, P., Gilbert, J., Rossiter, K., Gray, J. and Keightley, M. (2008). After the Crash: Research-Based Theater for Knowledge Transfer: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 28(3), 180-185

Coulehan, J., Clary, P. (2005). Healing the healer: poetry in palliative care. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 8(2), 382-389.

Daykin N, Orme J, Evans D, Salmon D With, McEachran M, Brain S. (March 2008). The Impact of Participation in Performing Arts on Adolescent Health and Behaviour: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Journal of Health Psychology, 13(2):251-264.

Hawksworth, C., Asbury, A.J., Millar K. (1997). Music in theatre: not so harmonious. Anaesthesia, 52, 77-83.

Janata, P., Tillmann, B., Bharucha, J.J. (2002b). Listening to polyphonic music recruits domain-general attention and working memory circuits. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioural Neuroscience, 2(2), 121-140.

Maran A.G. (March 1998). Performing arts medicine. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 32(1):5.

Ceramics

Gidron, Y., Duncan, E. Lazar, A., Biderman, A., Tandeter, H., & Shvartzman, P. (2002). Effects of guided written disclosure of stressful experiences on clinic visits and symptoms in frequent clinic attenders. Family Practice, 19(2), 161-166.

Gitanjali, B. (1998). Effect of Karnatic music raga “Neelambari” on sleep Architecture. Indian Journal of Psychology and Pharmacology, 42(1), 119-122.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Good, M. (1996). Effects of relaxation and music on post-operative pain: a review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(5), 905-914.

Good, M., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Cranston-Anderson, G., Choi, C., Schoolmeesters, L.J, Salman, A. (1999). Relief of post-operative pain with jaw relaxation, music and their combination. Pain, 81(1-2), 163-172.

Color Theory

Barber, C.F. (1999). The use of music and color theory as a behavior modifier. British Journal of Nursing, 8(7), 443-448.

Crafts

Cohen, L.L., Blount, R. L., Panopoulos, G. (1997). Nurse coaching and cartoon distraction: an effective and practical intervention to reduce child, parent, and nurse distress during immunization. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 22, 355-70.

Gidron, Y., Duncan, E. Lazar, A., Biderman, A., Tandeter, H., & Shvartzman, P. (2002). Effects of guided written disclosure of stressful experiences on clinic visits and symptoms in frequent clinic attenders. Family Practice, 19(2), 161-166.

Gitanjali, B. (1998). Effect of Karnatic music raga “Neelambari” on sleep Architecture. Indian Journal of Psychology and Pharmacology, 42(1), 119-122.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Good, M. (1996). Effects of relaxation and music on post-operative pain: a review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(5), 905-914.

Good, M., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Cranston-Anderson, G., Choi, C., Schoolmeesters, L.J, Salman, A. (1999). Relief of post-operative pain with jaw relaxation, music and their combination. Pain, 81(1-2), 163-172.

Drawing

Broadbent, E. Ellis, C., Gamble, G., Petrie, K. (November 2006). Changes in Patient Drawings of the Heart Identify Slow Recovery After Myocardial Infarction. American Psychosomatic Society, 68(6), 910.

Cohen, D.J., Bennett, S.I. (1997). Why can't most people draw what they see? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 23(3), 609-621.

Gabriels, R., Wamboldt, M., McCormick, D., Adams, T., & McTaggart, S. (2000). Children’s illness drawings and asthma symptom awareness. Journal of Asthma, 37(7), 565–574.

Gotell, E., Brown, S., Ekman, S.L. (2002). Caregiver singing and background music in dementia care. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 24(2), 195-216.

Graham, I.W. (1999). Reflective narrative and dementia care. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 8, 675-683.

Griffiths, T.D. (2001). The neural processing of complex sounds. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 930, 133-142.

Guenther, W., Giunta, R., Klages, U., Haag, C. (1993). Findings of electroencephalographic brain mapping in mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer type during resting, motor and music - perception conditions. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 50(3), 163-176.

Hachinski, K.V., Hachinski, V. (1994). Music and the brain. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 151(3), 293-296.

Jeffries, K.J., Fritz, J.B., Braun, A.R. (2003). Words in melody: an H(2)15O PET study of brain activation during singing and speaking. Neuroreport, 14(5), 749-754.

Jones, A.H. (1997). Literature and medicine: narratives of mental illness. The Lancet, 350(9074), 359-361.

Khalfa, S., Isabelle, P., Jean-Pierre, B., Manon, R. (2002). Event-related skin conductance responses to musical emotions in humans. Neuroscience Letters, 328(2), 145-149.

Lev-Wiesel, R., Shvero, T. (2003). An exploratory study of self-figure drawings of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. Arts in Psychotherapy, 30(1), 13-16.

Rae, W. (1991). Analyzing drawings of children who are physically ill and hospitalized using the ipsative method. Children's Health Care, 20(4), 198–207.

Rollins, JA. (2005). Tell me about it: drawing as a communication tool for children with cancer. Jornal Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 22(4 ), 203 -221

Sturner, R., Rothbaum, F., Visintainer, M., & Wolfer, J. (1980). The effects of stress on children’s human figure drawings. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 36, 325–331.

Fibers

Cohen, L.L., Blount, R. L., Panopoulos, G. (1997). Nurse coaching and cartoon distraction: an effective and practical intervention to reduce child, parent, and nurse distress during immunization. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 22, 355-70.

Gidron, Y., Duncan, E. Lazar, A., Biderman, A., Tandeter, H., & Shvartzman, P. (2002). Effects of guided written disclosure of stressful experiences on clinic visits and symptoms in frequent clinic attenders. Family Practice, 19(2), 161-166.

Gitanjali, B. (1998). Effect of Karnatic music raga “Neelambari” on sleep Architecture. Indian Journal of Psychology and Pharmacology, 42(1), 119-122.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Good, M. (1996). Effects of relaxation and music on post-operative pain: a review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(5), 905-914.

Good, M., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Cranston-Anderson, G., Choi, C., Schoolmeesters, L.J, Salman, A. (1999). Relief of post-operative pain with jaw relaxation, music and their combination. Pain, 81(1-2), 163-172.

Reynolds, F. (2003). Conversations About Creativity and Chronic Illness I: Textile Artists Coping with Long-Term Health Problems Reflect on the Creative Process. Creativity Research Journal, 15(4), 393-407.

Reynolds, F. (2004). Conversations About Creativity and Chronic Illness II: Textile Artists Coping with Long-Term Health Problems Reflect on the Creative Process. Creativity Research Journal, 16(1), 79-89.

Glass

Gitanjali, B. (1998). Effect of Karnatic music raga “Neelambari” on sleep Architecture. Indian Journal of Psychology and Pharmacology, 42(1), 119-122.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Good, M. (1996). Effects of relaxation and music on post-operative pain: a review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(5), 905-914.

Good, M., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Cranston-Anderson, G., Choi, C., Schoolmeesters, L.J, Salman, A. (1999). Relief of post-operative pain with jaw relaxation, music and their combination. Pain, 81(1-2), 163-172.

Jones, A.H. (1997). Literature and medicine: narratives of mental illness. The Lancet, 350(9074), 359-361.

Metalsmithing

Gitanjali, B. (1998). Effect of Karnatic music raga “Neelambari” on sleep Architecture. Indian Journal of Psychology and Pharmacology, 42(1), 119-122.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Good, M. (1996). Effects of relaxation and music on post-operative pain: a review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(5), 905-914.

Good, M., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Cranston-Anderson, G., Choi, C., Schoolmeesters, L.J, Salman, A. (1999). Relief of post-operative pain with jaw relaxation, music and their combination. Pain, 81(1-2), 163-172.

Mixed Media

Boisaubin, E.V., Winkler, M.G. (2000). Seeing patients and life contexts: the visual arts in medical education. American Journal of Medical Science, 319(5), 292-296.

Gidron, Y., Duncan, E. Lazar, A., Biderman, A., Tandeter, H., & Shvartzman, P. (2002). Effects of guided written disclosure of stressful experiences on clinic visits and symptoms in frequent clinic attenders. Family Practice, 19(2), 161-166.

Gitanjali, B. (1998). Effect of Karnatic music raga “Neelambari” on sleep Architecture. Indian Journal of Psychology and Pharmacology, 42(1), 119-122.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Good, M. (1996). Effects of relaxation and music on post-operative pain: a review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(5), 905-914.

Good, M., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Cranston-Anderson, G., Choi, C., Schoolmeesters, L.J, Salman, A. (1999). Relief of post-operative pain with jaw relaxation, music and their combination. Pain, 81(1-2), 163-172.

Kennett, C., (2000). Participation in a creative arts project can foster hope in a hospice day centre. Palliative Medicine, 14, 419-425.

Khalfa, S., Bella, S.D., Roy, M., Peretz, I., Lupien, S.J. (2003). Effects of relaxing music on salivary cortisol level after psychological stress. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 999, 37-376.

Painting

Bhattacharya, J., Petsche, H. (2001). Musicians and the gamma band: a secret affair? Neuroreport, 12(2), 371-374.

Eiring, D. (2009). Painting, singing, dancing -- wheelchairs and all. PN, 63(1), 38-43. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Espinel, C.H. (1996). de Kooning's late colours and forms: dementia, creativity and the healing power of art. The Lancet, 347(9008), 1096-1098.

Espinel, C.H. (1998). Art and neuroscience: how the brain sees Vermeer's Woman Holding a Balance. The Lancet, 352(9145), 2007-2009.

Gerdner, L.A., Swanson, E.A. (1993). Effects of individualized music on confused and agitated elderly patients. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 7(5), 284-291.

Gerdner, L.L. (2000). Effects of individualized vs. classical “relaxation” music on the frequency of agitation in elderly persons with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders. International Psychogeriatrics, 12(1), 49-65.

Geroldi, C., Metitieri, T., Binetti, G., Zanetti, O., Trabucchi, M., Frisoni, G.B. (2000). Pop music and frontotemporal dementia. Neurology, 55(12), 1935-1936.

Ghika, J., Tennis, M., Growdon, J., Hoffman, E., Johnson, K. (1995). Environment driven responses in progressive supranuclear palsy. Journal of Neurological Sciences, 130(1), 104-111.

Gidron, Y., Duncan, E. Lazar, A., Biderman, A., Tandeter, H., & Shvartzman, P. (2002). Effects of guided written disclosure of stressful experiences on clinic visits and symptoms in frequent clinic attenders. Family Practice, 19(2), 161-166.

Gillon, R. (1997). Imagination, literature, medical ethics and medical practice. Journal of Medical Ethics, 23, 3-4.

Gitanjali, B. (1998). Effect of Karnatic music raga “Neelambari” on sleep Architecture. Indian Journal of Psychology and Pharmacology, 42(1), 119-122.

Goddaer, J., Abraham, I.L. (1994). Effects of relaxing music on agitation during meals among nursing home residents with severe cognitive impairment. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 8(3), 150-158.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Good, M. (1996). Effects of relaxation and music on post-operative pain: a review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(5), 905-914.

Good, M., Anderson, G.C., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Makii, M. (2002). Relaxation and music reduce pain after gynaecologic surgery. Pain Management Nursing, 3(2), 61-70.

Good, M., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Cranston-Anderson, G., Choi, C., Schoolmeesters, L.J, Salman, A. (1999). Relief of post-operative pain with jaw relaxation, music and their combination. Pain, 81(1-2), 163-172.

Hacking, S., Foreman, D., Belcher, J. (1996). The descriptive assessment for psychiatric art. A new way of quantifying paintings by psychiatric patients. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 184(7), 425-430.

Jeffries, K.J., Fritz, J.B., Braun, A.R. (2003). Words in melody: an H(2)15O PET study of brain activation during singing and speaking. Neuroreport, 14(5), 749-754.

Jones, A.H. (1997). Literature and medicine: narratives of mental illness. The Lancet, 350(9074), 359-361.

Kincaid, C., Peacock, J.R. (2003). The effect of a wall mural on decreasing four types of door-testing behaviours. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 22(1), 76-88.

Locher, P.J., Smith, J.K., Smith, L.F. (2001). The influence of presentation format and viewer training in the visual arts on the perception of pictorial and aesthetic qualities of paintings. Perception, 30(4), 449-465.

Photography

Fleury, J., Keller, C. and Perez, A. (2009). Exploring Resources for Physical Activity in Hispanic Women Using Photo Elicitation: Qualitative Health Research, 19, 677-686.

Frith, H., Harcourt, D. (2007) Using Photographs to Capture Women's Experieinces of Chemotherapy: reflecting on the method. Quantitative Health Research, 17, 1340-50.

Gidron, Y., Duncan, E. Lazar, A., Biderman, A., Tandeter, H., & Shvartzman, P. (2002). Effects of guided written disclosure of stressful experiences on clinic visits and symptoms in frequent clinic attenders. Family Practice, 19(2), 161-166.

Gitanjali, B. (1998). Effect of Karnatic music raga “Neelambari” on sleep Architecture. Indian Journal of Psychology and Pharmacology, 42(1), 119-122.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Good, M. (1996). Effects of relaxation and music on post-operative pain: a review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(5), 905-914.

Good, M., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Cranston-Anderson, G., Choi, C., Schoolmeesters, L.J, Salman, A. (1999). Relief of post-operative pain with jaw relaxation, music and their combination. Pain, 81(1-2), 163-172.

Jeffries, K.J., Fritz, J.B., Braun, A.R. (2003). Words in melody: an H(2)15O PET study of brain activation during singing and speaking. Neuroreport, 14(5), 749-754.

Jones, A.H. (1997). Literature and medicine: narratives of mental illness. The Lancet, 350(9074), 359-361.

Jonsson, P., Sonnby-Borgstrom, M. (2003). The effects of pictures of emotional faces on tonic and phasic autonomic cardiac control in women and men. Biological Psychology, 62, 157-173.

Koch, M.E., Kain, Z.N., Ayoub, C., Rosenbaum, S.H. (1998). The sedative and analgesic sparing effect of music. Anaesthesiology, 89, 300-306.

Koster, L.W. (1998). Three little words - vision, perception, seeing. Journal of Biological Photography, 66(2), 41-44.

Radley, A., Taylor, D. (2003). Images of Recovery: A Photo-Elicitation Study on the Hospital Ward. Qualitative Health Research, 13(1), 77-99.

Riley, R., & Manias, E. (2004). The uses of photography in clinical nursing practice and research: a literature review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 48(4), 397-405.

Printmaking

Gidron, Y., Duncan, E. Lazar, A., Biderman, A., Tandeter, H., & Shvartzman, P. (2002). Effects of guided written disclosure of stressful experiences on clinic visits and symptoms in frequent clinic attenders. Family Practice, 19(2), 161-166.

Gitanjali, B. (1998). Effect of Karnatic music raga “Neelambari” on sleep Architecture. Indian Journal of Psychology and Pharmacology, 42(1), 119-122.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Good, M. (1996). Effects of relaxation and music on post-operative pain: a review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(5), 905-914.

Good, M., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Cranston-Anderson, G., Choi, C., Schoolmeesters, L.J, Salman, A. (1999). Relief of post-operative pain with jaw relaxation, music and their combination. Pain, 81(1-2), 163-172.

Sculpture

Gidron, Y., Duncan, E. Lazar, A., Biderman, A., Tandeter, H., & Shvartzman, P. (2002). Effects of guided written disclosure of stressful experiences on clinic visits and symptoms in frequent clinic attenders. Family Practice, 19(2), 161-166.

Gitanjali, B. (1998). Effect of Karnatic music raga “Neelambari” on sleep Architecture. Indian Journal of Psychology and Pharmacology, 42(1), 119-122.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Good, M. (1996). Effects of relaxation and music on post-operative pain: a review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(5), 905-914.

Good, M., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Cranston-Anderson, G., Choi, C., Schoolmeesters, L.J, Salman, A. (1999). Relief of post-operative pain with jaw relaxation, music and their combination. Pain, 81(1-2), 163-172.

Administration

Angell, K., Kreshka, M.A., McCoy, R., Donnelly, P., Turner-Cobb, J.M., Graddy, K., Kraemer, H.C., Koopman, C. (2003). Psychosocial intervention for rural women with breast cancer: the Sierra-Stanford partnership. Journal for General Internal Medicine, 18(7), 499-507.

Arts, S., Abu-Saad. H., Champion, G., Crawford, M., Fisher, R., Juniper, K., & Ziegler, J. (1994). Age-Related Response to Lidocaine-Prilocaine (EMLA) Emulsion and Effect of Music Distraction on the Pain of Intravenous Cannulation. Pediatrics, 93, 797-801.

Ayotte, J., Peretz, I., Hyde, K. (2002). Congenital amusia: a group study of adults afflicted with a music-specific disorder. Brain, 125, 238-251.

Barnard, D. (1994). Making a place for the humanities in residency education. Academy of Medicine, 69, 628-630.

Blomkvist, V., Eriksen, C.A., Theorell, T., Ulrich, R., Rasmanis, G. (2005). Acoustics and psychosocial environment in intensive coronary care. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 62(3), e1.

Bolwerk, C. (1990). Effects of relaxing music on state anxiety in myocardial infarction patients. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 13(2), 63-72.

Cabrera, I.N., Lee, M.H. (2000). Reducing noise pollution in the hospital setting by establishing a department of sound: a survey on the effects of noise and music in healthcare. Preventive Medicine, 30(4), 339-345.

Davis, S.K. (1992). Nursing and the humanities: health assessment in the art gallery. Journal of Nursing Education, 31(2), 93-94.

Devlin, A.S., Arneill, A.B. (2003). Health Care Environments and Patient Outcomes: A Review of the Literature. Environment and Behavior, 35(5), 665-694.

Hains, A.P. (1996). Effect of music on ambulatory surgery patients’ pre-operative anxiety. AORN Journal, 63(4), 750-758.

Harris, A.H., Thoresen, C.E., Humphreys, K., & Faul J. (2005). Does writing affect asthma? A randomized trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67(1), 130-136.

Hawksworth, C., Asbury, A.J., Millar K. (1997). Music in theatre: not so harmonious. Anaesthesia, 52, 77-83.

Hawksworth, C.R., Sivalingam, P., Asbury, A.J. (1998). The effect of music on anaesthetists' psychomotor performances. Anaesthesia, 53(2), 195-197.

Hayes, A., Buffum, M., Lanier, E., Rodhal, E., Sasso, C. (2003). A music intervention to reduce anxiety prior to gastrointestinal procedures. Gastroenterology Nursing, 26(4), 145-149.

Hays, T., & Minichiello, V. (2005). The contribution of music to quality of life in older people: an Australian qualitative study. Ageing & Society, 25, 261-278.

Hebert, S., Peretz, I. (2001). Are text and tune of familiar songs separable by brain damage? Brain & Cognition, 46(1-2), 169-175.

Heiser, R.M., Chiles, K., Fudge, M., Gray, S. (1997). The use of music during the immediate post-operative recovery period. AORN Journal, 65, 777-785.

Henderson, J.M., Hollingworth, A. (1999). High-level scene perception. Annual Review of Psychology, 50(1999), 243-271.

Hendricks-Ferguson, V. (1997). An analysis of the concept of hope in the adolescent with cancer. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 14(2), 73-80.

Henson, R.A. (1988). Maurice Ravel's illness: a tragedy of lost creativity. British Medical Journal, 296, 1585-1588.

Herrmann, N. (2001). Recommendations for the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Canadian Journal of Neurological Science, 28(1), S96-107.

Hicks, S. (2002). Relaxing music; what effect does it have on agitation at mealtime among nursing home patients with dementia? Info Nursing, 33(3), 17-19.

Hoffman, J., (1998). Music and Your Heart' The power of rhythm. Open Ear 2, 20-26.

Holden, C. (2001). How the brain understands music. Science, 292, 5517, 623.

Homicki, B., Joyce, E.K. (2004). Art illuminates patients' experience at the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center. The Oncologist, 9, 111-114.

Horowitz, H.W. (1996). Poetry on rounds: a model for the integration of humanities into residency training. The Lancet, 347, 447-449.

Hughes, J.R., Fino, J.J. (2000). The Mozart effect: distinctive aspects of the music- a clue to brain coding? Clinical Electroencephalography, 31(2), 94-103.

Hughes, J.R., Fino, J.J., Melyn, M.A. (1999). Is there a chronic change of the “Mozart effect” on epileptiform activity? A case study. Clinical Electroencephalography, 30, 44-45.

Hunter, K.M., Charon, R., Coulehan, J.L. (1995). The study of literature in medical education. Academy of Medicine, 70, 787-794.

Hutchinson, S., Lee, L.H., Gaab, N., Schlaug, G. (2003). Cerebellar volume of musicians. Cerebral Cortex, 13(9), 943-949.

Kennett, C., (2000). Participation in a creative arts project can foster hope in a hospice day centre. Palliative Medicine, 14, 419-425.

Lawson, B., Phiri, M. (2000). Hospital Design. Room for improvement. Health Service Journal, 24, 20-23.

Miles, M.F.R. (1994). Art in hospitals: does it work? A survey of evaluation of arts projects in the NHS. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 87, 161-163.

Staricoff, R.L. (2006). Arts in health: the value of evaluation. The Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, 126(3), 116-120.

Staricoff, R.L., Duncan, J., Wright, M., Loppert, S., Scott, J. (2001). A study of the effects of visual and performing arts in healthcare. Hospital Development, 32, 25-28.

Caring for Caregivers

Baider, L., & Wein, S. (2001). Reality and fugues in physicians facing death: Confrontation, coping, and adaptation at the bedside. Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology, 40, 97–103.

Butt, M.L., Kisilevsky, B.S. (2000). Music modulates behaviour of premature infants following heel lance. The Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 31(4), 17-39.

Coulehan, J., Clary, P. (2005). Healing the healer: poetry in palliative care. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 8(2), 382-389.

Hughes, J.R., Fino, J.J., Melyn, M.A. (1999). Is there a chronic change of the “Mozart effect” on epileptiform activity? A case study. Clinical Electroencephalography, 30, 44-45.

Hutchinson, S., Lee, L.H., Gaab, N., Schlaug, G. (2003). Cerebellar volume of musicians. Cerebral Cortex, 13(9), 943-949.

Janata, P., Grafton, S.T. (2003). Swinging in the brain: shared neural substrates for behaviors related to sequencing and music. Nature Neuroscience, 6(7), 682-687.

Johnston, N. (2004). Expressions of Alzheimer's. Various expressions of art from the perspective of individuals, families and care givers with an interest in Alzheimer's Disease.’ Alzheimer's Care Quarterly, 5(4), 278-288.

Lindenmuth, G.F., Patel, M., Chang, P.K. (1992). Effect of music on sleep in healthy elderly and subjects with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type. American Journal of Alzheimer's Care and Related Disorders Research, 2,13-20.

Locher, P.J., Smith, J.K., Smith, L.F. (2001). The influence of presentation format and viewer training in the visual arts on the perception of pictorial and aesthetic qualities of paintings. Perception, 30(4), 449-465.

Magill, L. (2009, March). The spiritual meaning of pre-loss music therapy to bereaved caregivers of advanced cancer patients. Palliative & Supportive Care, 7(1), 97-108.

O'Callaghan, C., & Magill, L. (2009). Effect of music therapy on oncologic staff bystanders: a substantive grounded theory. Palliative & Supportive Care, 7(2), 219-228. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Ekman, S. (2000). Dance events as a caregiver intervention for persons with dementia. Nursing Inquiry, 7(3), 156-165.

Repar P.A., Patton D. (July-August 2007). Stress reduction for nurses through Arts-in-Medicine at the University of New Mexico Hospitals. Holistic Nursing Practice, 21(4), 82-86.

Rockwood-Lane, M. (2005).Creativity and spirituality in nursing: implementing art and healing: Holistic Nursing Practice, 19(3),122-125.

Ethics

Gillon, R. (1997). Imagination, literature, medical ethics and medical practice. Journal of Medical Ethics, 23, 3-4.

Meakin, R., Kirklin, D. (2000). Medical humanities: making better doctors or just happier ones? Journal of Medical Ethics: Medical Humanities, 26, 49-50.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Ekman, S., Ericsson. K. ( 2001). Nurses' opinions, ideas and beliefs about dancing and movement to music in Swedish and Finish nursing home settings. Healthcare in Later Life, 1(3), 227-229.

Schaver, K.H., Lacey, L.M. (2003). Job and career satisfaction among staff nurses: effects of job setting and environment. Journal Nursing Administration, 33(3), 166-172.

Scher, P., Senior, P. (2000). Research and Evaluation of the Exeter Health Care Arts Project. Journal of Medical Ethics, 26, 71-78

Scott, A.P. (2000). The relationship between the arts and medicine. Journal of Medical Ethics: Medical Humanities, 26, 3-8.

Prevention

Esterling, B.A., L'Abate, L., Murray, E.J., Pennebaker, J.W. (1999). Empirical foundations for writing in prevention and psychotherapy: mental and physical health outcomes. Clinical Psychology Review, 19, 79-96.

Child Life Education

Baeck, E. (2002). The neural networks of music. European Journal of Neurology, 9(5), 449-456.

Baikie, K.A., Wilhelm, K. (2005). Emotional and physical health benefits of expressive writing. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 11, 338-346.

Begley, A.M. (1996). Literature and poetry: pleasure and practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2(4), 182-188.

Bellieni, C., Cordelli, D., Bagnoli, F., & Buonocore, G. (2004). 11-to 15-Year-Old Children of Women Who Danced during Their Pregnancy. Biology of the Neonate, 86(1), 63-65.

Bertman, S. (1999). Grief and the healing arts: Creativity as therapy. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc.

Bhattacharya, J., Petsche, H. (2001). Musicians and the gamma band: a secret affair? Neuroreport, 12(2), 371-374.

Bruderle, A.R., Valiga, T.M. (1994). Integrating the arts and humanities into nursing education. in Chin, P.L., Watson, J. (eds). Art and Aesthetics in Nursing. New York. 117-144.

Buchner, H., Weyen, U., Frackowiak, R.S., Romaya, J., Zeki, S. (1994). The timing of visual evoked potential activity in human area V4. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London - Series B: Biological Sciences, 257(1348), 99-104.

Bulkin Siegel, W., & Bartley, M. (2004). Art and Community Health, Lessons From an Urban Health Center. Holistic Nursing Practice, 18(2), 95-97.

Burr, J.A., Chapman, T. (1998). Some reflections on cultural and social considerations in mental health nursing. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 5(6), 431-437.

Calman, K. (1997). A study of storytelling, humour and learning in medicine. Clinical Medicine, 2(2), 93-106.

Carson, D., & Becker, K. (2004). When Lightning Strikes: Reexamining Creativity in Psychotherapy. Journal of Counseling & Development, 82(1), 111-115.

Chavin, M. (2002). Music as communication. Alzheimer's Care Quaterly, 3(2), 145-156.

Cioffi, D. (1991). Beyond attentional strategies: cognitive-perceptual model of somatic interpretation. Psychological Bulletin, 109(1), 25-41.

Frandsen, J.L. (1990). Music is a valuable anxiolytic during local and regional anaesthesia. Nurse Anaesthesia, 1(4), 181-182.

Gallagher, A.G., Dinan, T.G., Baker, L.J.V. (1994). The effects of varying auditory input on schizophrenic hallucinations: a replication. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 67, 67-75.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Gotell, E., Brown, S., Ekman, S.L. (2002). Caregiver singing and background music in dementia care. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 24(2), 195-216.

Graham, I.W. (1999). Reflective narrative and dementia care. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 8, 675-683.

Griffiths, T.D. (2001). The neural processing of complex sounds. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 930, 133-142.

Guenther, W., Giunta, R., Klages, U., Haag, C. (1993). Findings of electroencephalographic brain mapping in mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer type during resting, motor and music - perception conditions. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 50(3), 163-176.

Hachinski, K.V., Hachinski, V. (1994). Music and the brain. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 151(3), 293-296.

Hawksworth, C., Asbury, A.J., Millar K. (1997). Music in theatre: not so harmonious. Anaesthesia, 52, 77-83.

Hendricks-Ferguson, V. (1997). An analysis of the concept of hope in the adolescent with cancer. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 14(2), 73-80.

Herrmann, N. (2001). Recommendations for the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Canadian Journal of Neurological Science, 28(1), S96-107.

Hicks, S. (2002). Relaxing music; what effect does it have on agitation at mealtime among nursing home patients with dementia? Info Nursing, 33(3), 17-19.

Hoffman, J., (1998). Music and Your Heart' The power of rhythm. Open Ear 2, 20-26.

Katz, E.R., Varni, J.W. (1993). Social Support and Social Cognitive Problem-Solving in Children with Newly Diagnosed Cancer. Cancer, 77, 3314-3317.

Kaufman, J.C., Baer, J. (2002). I bask in dreams of suicide: Mental illness, poetry, and women. Review of General Psychology, 6(3), 271-286.

Parashak, S. (1997, December). The richness that surrounds us: collaboration of classroom and community for art therapy and art education. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 14(4), 241-245.

Rouseau C, Lamox L, Bagilishya D, Heusch N. (1993). Working with myths: creative expression workshops for immigrant and refugee children in a school setting: Art Therapy, 20(1), 3-10.

Grade School

Daykin N, Orme J, Evans D, Salmon D With, McEachran M, Brain S. (March 2008). The Impact of Participation in Performing Arts on Adolescent Health and Behaviour: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Journal of Health Psychology, 13(2), 251-264.

Medical Education

Anderson, R., Schiedermayer, D. (2003). The art of medicine through the humanities: an overview of a one-month humanities elective for fourth year students. Medical Education, 37(6), 560-562.

Arman, M., Rehnsfeldt, A. (2002). Living with breast cancer: a challenge to expansive and creative forces. European Journal of Cancer Care, 11(4), 290-296.

Avalon, A. (2006). Arts in new directions: the development and application of a construct that uses the arts to promote transformation and self-actualization in health care and education/therapy. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Baider, L., & Wein, S. (2001). Reality and fugues in physicians facing death: Confrontation, coping, and adaptation at the bedside. Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology, 40, 97–103.

Bardes, C.L., Gillers, D., Herman, A.E. (2001). Learning to look: developing observational skills at an art museum. Medical Education, 35(12), 1157-1161.

Barnard, D. (1994). Making a place for the humanities in residency education. Academy of Medicine, 69, 628-630.

Belkin, B.M., Neelon, F.A. (1992). The art of observation: William Osler and the method of Zadig. Annals of Internal Medicine, 116(10), 863-866.

Boisaubin, E.V., Winkler, M.G. (2000). Seeing patients and life contexts: the visual arts in medical education. American Journal of Medical Science, 319(5), 292-296.

Boyd T., Jung I., Van Sickle K., Schwesinger W., Michalek J., Bingener J. (July-September 2008). Music Experience Influences Laparoscopic Skills Performance. JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons. 12(3), 292-294.

Calman, K. (1997). A study of storytelling, humour and learning in medicine. Clinical Medicine, 2(2), 93-106.

Calman, K., Downie, R. (1996). Why arts courses for medical curricula? The Lancet, 34, 1499-1500.

Camic P.M. (2008). Playing in the mud: health psychology, the arts and creative approaches to health care: Journal of Health Psychology, 13(2), 287 -298.

Charon, R., Traumann, B.J., Conell, J.E. (1995). Literature and Medicine: contributions to clinical practice. Annals of Internal Medicine, 122, 599-606.

Colantonio, A., Kontos, P., Gilbert, J., Rossiter, K., Gray, J. and Keightley, M. (2008). After the Crash: Research-Based Theater for Knowledge Transfer: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 28(3), 180-185

Darbyshire, P. (1994). Understanding caring through arts and humanities: a medical/nursing humanities approach to promoting alternative experiences of thinking and learning. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 19, 856-863.

Davidoff, F. (2011). Music Lessons: What Musicians Can Teach Doctors (and Other Health Professionals). Annals Of Internal Medicine, 154(6), 426-429.

Davis, S.K. (1992). Nursing and the humanities: health assessment in the art gallery. Journal of Nursing Education, 31(2), 93-94.

Dolev, J.C., Friedlander, L.K., Braverman, I. (2001). Use of fine art to enhance visual diagnostic skills. Journal of the American Medical Association, 286(9), 1020-1021.

Downie, R.S. (1999). The role of literature in medical education. Journal of Medical Ethics, 25, 529-531.

Downie, R.S., Macnaughton, J. (1999). Should medical students read Plato? Medical Journal of Australia, 170,125-127.

Evans, H.M., Greaves, D. (2002). Medical education aiming the healing arts? Medical Humanities, 28(2), 57-60.

Evans, M., Greaves, D. (2001). Developing the medical humanities. Medical Humanities, 27(2), 93-98.

Grant, V.J., Jackson, A., Suk, T. (2002). Courses, content and a student essay in medical humanities. Medical Humanities, 28(1), 49-52.

Hirsch, S., Meckes, D. (2000). Treatment of the whole person: incorporating emergent perspectives in collaborative medicine, empowerment and music therapy: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 18(2), 65-77.

Hunter, K.M., Charon, R., Coulehan, J.L. (1995). The study of literature in medical education. Academy of Medicine, 70, 787-794.

Janata, P., Grafton, S.T. (2003). Swinging in the brain: shared neural substrates for behaviors related to sequencing and music. Nature Neuroscience, 6(7), 682-687.

Janata, P., Tillmann, B., Bharucha, J.J. (2002b). Listening to polyphonic music recruits domain-general attention and working memory circuits. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioural Neuroscience, 2(2), 121-140.

Jansen, D.A., von Sadovszky, V. (2004). Restorative Activities of Community-Dwelling Elders. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 26(4), 381-399.

Jeffrey, D., Jeffrey, P., Jones, D., Owen, R. (2001). An innovative, practical course in medical humanities. European Journal of Palliative Medicine, 8(5), 203-206.

Kerr, L. (December 2010). More than words: applying the discipline of literary creative writing to the practice of reflective writing in health care education. Journal of Medical Humanities, 31(4), 295-301.

Lai, H.L. (Feb 1, 2011)Preliminary study of the effects of an educational workshop on therapeutic use of music and aesthetic experience with music in first-line nurses. Nurse Education Today.. [Epub ahead of print].

Lane, M. (2006). Arts in health care: a new paradigm for holistic nursing practice. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 24(1), 70-75. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Lane, M. (2006). Arts in health care: a new paradigm for holistic nursing practice. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 24(1), 70-75.

Lazarus, P.A., Rosslyn, F.M. (2003). The arts in medicine: setting up and evaluating a new special study module at Leicester Warwick Medical School. Medical Education, 37(6), 553-559.

Lemmens, G., Vervaeke, M., Enzlin, P., Bakelants, E., Vanderschueren, D., D'Hooghe, T. & Demyttenaere, K. (2004). Coping with infertility: a body-mind group intervention programme for infertile couples. Human Reproduction, 19(8), 1917-1923.

Lepage, C., Drolet, P., Girard, M., Grenier, Y., DeGagne, R. (2001). Music decreases sedative requirements during spinal anesthesia. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 93(4), 912-916.

Lock, S., Last, J.M., Dunea, G. (eds) (2001). The Oxford Illustrated Companion to Medicine. Oxford University Press. pp:367-370.

Macnaughton, J. (2000). The humanities in medical education: context, outcomes and structures. Journal of Medical Ethics: Medical Education, 26, 23-30.

Marshall, M., (2003). Creative Learning: The Mandala as Teaching Exercise. Journal of Nursing Education, 42(11), 517-519.

McManus, I.C. (1995). Humanity and the medical humanities. The Lancet, 346, 1143-1145.

McMellan, M.F. (1996). Literature and medicine: some major works. The Lancet, 348, 1014-1016.

McMellan, M.F., Jones, A.H. (1996). Why literature and medicine? The Lancet, 348, 109-111.

Meakin, R., Kirklin, D. (2000). Medical humanities: making better doctors or just happier ones? Journal of Medical Ethics: Medical Humanities, 26, 49-50.

Naghshineh, S., Hafler, J.P., A.R., Blanco, M.A., Lipsitz, S.R., Dubroff, R.P., et al. (2008). Formal Art Observation Training Improves Medical Students' Visual Diagnostic Skills. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 23(7), 991-97.

Podrug, D. (2003). Hamlet as process: a novel approach to using literature in teaching psychiatry. Psychiatry, 66(3), 202-213.

Skelton, J.R., Macleod, J.A.A., Thomas, C.P. (2000). Teaching literature and medicine to medical students, part II: why literature and medicine? The Lancet, 356, 2001-2003.

Smith, B.H. (1998). Literature in our medical schools. British Journal of General Practice, 48, 1337-1340.

Wikstrom, B.(2005). Communicating via Expressive Arts: the natural medium of self-expression for hospitalized children. Pediatric Nursing, 31, 480-85.

Addiction

Turner-Musa, J., Rhodes, W., Harper, P., & Quinton, S. (2008). Hip-hop to prevent substance use and HIV among African-American youth: a preliminary investigation. Journal of Drug Education, 38(4), 351-365. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Turner-Musa, J., Rhodes, W., Harper, P., & Quinton, S. (2008). Hip-hop to prevent substance use and HIV among African-American youth: a preliminary investigation. Journal of Drug Education, 38(4), 351-365. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Alzheimer's

Beatty, W., Win, P., Adams, R., Allen, E.W., et al. (1994). Preserved cognitive skills in dementia of the Alzheimer type. Archives of Neurology, 51(10), 1040-1046.

Chavin, M. (2002). Music as communication. Alzheimer's Care Quaterly, 3(2), 145-156.

Cohen, G.D. (2000). Two new intergenerational interventions for Alzheimer's disease and families. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 15(3), 137-142.

Crutch, S., Isaacs, R., & Rossor, M. (2001). Some workmen can blame their tools: artistic change in an individual with Alzheimer’s disease. Lancet, 357(9274), 2129-2133.

Cuddy, L., & Duffin, J. (2005). Music, memory, and Alzheimer’s disease: is music recognition spared in dementia, and how can it be assessed? Medical Hypotheses, 64(2), 229-235.

Forbes, D.A. (1998). Strategies for managing behavioural symptomatology associated with dementia of the Alzheimer type: a systematic overview. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 30(2), 67-86.

Gerdner, L.L. (2000). Effects of individualized vs. classical “relaxation” music on the frequency of agitation in elderly persons with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders. International Psychogeriatrics, 12(1), 49-65.

Goddaer, J., Abraham, I.L. (1994). Effects of relaxing music on agitation during meals among nursing home residents with severe cognitive impairment. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 8(3), 150-158.

Johnson, J.K., Shaw, G.L., Vuong, M., Vuong, S., Cotman, C.W. (2002). Short term improvement on a visual-spatial task after music listening in Alzheimer's disease: a group study. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 26(3), 37-50.

Johnston, N. (2004). Expressions of Alzheimer's. Various expressions of art from the perspective of individuals, families and care givers with an interest in Alzheimer's Disease.’ Alzheimer's Care Quarterly, 5(4), 278-288.

Lindenmuth, G.F., Patel, M., Chang, P.K. (1992). Effect of music on sleep in healthy elderly and subjects with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type. American Journal of Alzheimer's Care and Related Disorders Research, 2,13-20.

Lord, T.R., Garner, J.E. (1993). Effects of music on Alzheimer patients. Perception and Motor Skills, 76(2), 451-455.

Mahendra, N. (2001). Direct interventions for improving the performance of individuals with Alzheimer's disease. Seminar Speech Language, 22(4), 291-303.

McDaniel, J.H., Hunt, A., Hackes, B., Pope, J.F. (2001). Impact of dining room environment intake of Alzheimer's residents: a case study. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 16(5), 297-302.

Olsen, R., Hutchings, B., Ehrenkrantz, E. (2000). ‘Media memory lane' interventions in an Alzheimer's day care center. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 15(3), 163-175.

Sambandham, M., Schirm, V. (1995). Music as a nursing intervention for residents with Alzheimer’s disease in long-term care. Geriatric Nursing, 16(2), 79-83.

Simmons-Stern, N.R. (2010). Music as a memory enhancer in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Neuropsychologia, 48(10), 3164-3167.

Anesthesiology

Arts, S., Abu-Saad. H., Champion, G., Crawford, M., Fisher, R., Juniper, K., & Ziegler, J. (1994). Age-Related Response to Lidocaine-Prilocaine (EMLA) Emulsion and Effect of Music Distraction on the Pain of Intravenous Cannulation. Pediatrics, 93, 797-801.

Ayoub, C.M., Rizk, L.B., Yaacoub, C.I., Gaal, D., Kain, Z.N. (2005). Music and ambient operating room noise in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 100(5), 1316-1319.

Bellieni, C., Cordelli, D., Bagnoli, F., & Buonocore, G. (2004). 11-to 15-Year-Old Children of Women Who Danced during Their Pregnancy. Biology of the Neonate, 86(1), 63-65.

Frandsen, J.L. (1990). Music is a valuable anxiolytic during local and regional anaesthesia. Nurse Anaesthesia, 1(4), 181-182.

Ganidagli, S., Cengiz, M., Yanik, M., Becerik, C., Unal, B. (2005). The effect of music on preoperative sedation and the bispectral index. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 101(1), 103-106.

Hawksworth, C., Asbury, A.J., Millar K. (1997). Music in theatre: not so harmonious. Anaesthesia, 52, 77-83.

Hawksworth, C.R., Sivalingam, P., Asbury, A.J. (1998). The effect of music on anaesthetists' psychomotor performances. Anaesthesia, 53(2), 195-197.

Koch, M.E., Kain, Z.N., Ayoub, C., Rosenbaum, S.H. (1998). The sedative and analgesic sparing effect of music. Anaesthesiology, 89, 300-306.

Lepage, C., Drolet, P., Girard, M., Grenier, Y., DeGagne, R. (2001). Music decreases sedative requirements during spinal anesthesia. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 93(4), 912-916.

Nilsson, U. Unosson, M. Rawal, N. (2005). Stress reduction and analgesia in patients exposed to calming music postoperatively: a randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Anaesthesiology, (22)2, 96-102.

Shertzer, K.E., Keck, J.F. (2001). Music and the PACU (postanaesthesia care unit) environment. Journal of Perianaesthesia Nursing, 16, 90-102.

Stephens, L., Gargiulo, R., Daniels, J., Nezat, G., & Pellegrini, J. (2008, October). The effect of music and therapeutic suggestion on postoperative pain in the general anesthesia patient. AANA Journal, 76(5), 390-390.

Anxiety

Chapman, L, Morabito, D., Ladakakos, C., Schreier, H., & Knudson, M. (2007). The effectiveness of art therapy interventions in reducing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in pediatric trauma patients. Journal of The American Art Therapy Association, 18, 100–104.

Arslan, S., Özer, N., & Özyurt, F. (2008, December). Effect of music on preoperative anxiety in men undergoing urogenital surgery. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 26(2), 46-54.

Barnason, S., Zimmerman, L., Nieveen, J. (1995). The effects of music interventions on anxiety in the patient after coronary artery bypass grafting. Heart and Lung, 24(2), 124-132.

Berenson, A.B., Wiemann, C.M., Rickert, V.I. (1998). Use of video glasses to decrease anxiety among children undergoing genital examinations. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 178(6), 1341-5.

Blood, D.J., Ferris, S.J. (1993). Effects of background music on anxiety, satisfaction with communication and productivity. Psychology Rep., 72(1), 171-177.

Brice, J., & Barclay, J. (2007). Music eases anxiety of children in cast room. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics, 27, 831–833.

Bulfone, T., Quattrin, R., Zanotti, R., Regattin, L., & Brusaferro, S. (2009). Effectiveness of music therapy for anxiety reduction in women with breast cancer in chemotherapy treatment. Holistic Nursing Practice, 23(4), 238-242. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Bulfone, T., Quattrin, R., Zanotti, R., Regattin, L., & Brusaferro, S. (2009). Effectiveness of music therapy for anxiety reduction in women with breast cancer in chemotherapy treatment. Holistic Nursing Practice, 23(4), 238-242. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Chlan, L., Evans, D., Greenleaf, M., & Walker, J. (2000). Effects of a single music therapy intervention on anxiety, discomfort, satisfaction, and compliance with screening guidelines in outpatients undergoing flexible sigmoidoscopy. Gastroenterology Nursing, 23(4), 148–156.

Choi, A., Lee, M., & Lim, H. (2008). Effects of group music intervention on depression, anxiety, and relationships in psychiatric patients: A pilot study. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14(5), 567–570.

Cohen, L.L., Blount, R. L., Panopoulos, G. (1997). Nurse coaching and cartoon distraction: an effective and practical intervention to reduce child, parent, and nurse distress during immunization. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 22, 355-70.

Ebneshahidi, A., & Mohseni, M. (2008, September). The effect of patient-selected music on early postoperative pain, anxiety, and hemodynamic profile in Cesarean section surgery. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 14(7), 827-831.

Ebneshahidi, A., & Mohseni, M. (2008). The effect of patient-selected music on early postoperative pain, anxiety, and hemodynamic profile in Cesarean section surgery. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 14(7), 827-831. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Erwin-Grabner, T., Goodill, S., Schelly Hill, E., & VonNeida, K. (1999). Effectiveness of Dance/movement therapy on reducing test anxiety. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 21(1), 19–34.

Frandsen, J.L. (1990). Music is a valuable anxiolytic during local and regional anaesthesia. Nurse Anaesthesia, 1(4), 181-182.

Gerdner, L.A., Swanson, E.A. (1993). Effects of individualized music on confused and agitated elderly patients. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 7(5), 284-291.

Grey, S.J., Price, G., Mathews, A. (2000). Reduction of anxiety during MR imaging: a controlled trial. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 18(3), 351-355.

Gross J, and Swartz, R. (1982). The effects of music therapy on anxiety in chronically ill patients: Music Therapy, 2, 43-52.

Korhan, E.A., Khorshid, L., Uyar, M. (2011). The effect of music therapy on physiological signs of anxiety in patients receiving mechanical ventilatory support. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20, 1026-1034.

LaMontagne, L.L., Hepworth, J.T., Cohen, F., Salisbury, M.H. (2003). Cognitive-behavioral intervention effects on adolescents' anxiety and pain following spinal fusion surgery. Nursing Research, 52(3),183-190.

Lee, K.C, Chao, Y.H, Yiin J.J, Hsieh, H.Y, Dai, W.J, Chao, Y.F. (Jan 28, 2011.) Evidence That Music Listening Reduces Preoperative Patients' Anxiety. Biological Research for Nursing. [Epub ahead of print].

MacLaren, J.E., Cohen, L.L. (2005). A comparison of distraction strategies for venipuncture distress in children. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 30(5), 387-396.

Madson AT, Silverman MJ. (Fall 2010). The effect of music therapy on relaxation, anxiety, pain perception, and nausea in adult solid organ transplant patients. Journal of Music Therapy, 47(3), 220-32.

McCarthy, A.M., Cool, V.A., Petersen, M., Bruene, D.A. (1996). Cognitive behavioral pain and anxiety interventions in pediatric oncology centers and bone marrow transplant units. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 13, 3-12.

Mok, E., Wong, K.Y. (2003). Effects of music on patient anxiety. AORN Journal, 77(2), 396-410.

Moradipanah, F., Mohammadi, E., & Mohammadil, A. (2009). Effect of music on anxiety, stress, and depression levels in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 15(3), 639-647. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Moradipanah, F., Mohammadi, E., & Mohammadil, A. (2009). Effect of music on anxiety, stress, and depression levels in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 15(3), 639-647. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Mornhinweg, G.C. (1992). Effects of music preference and selection on stress Reduction. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 10(2), 101-109.

Nilsson, S., Kokinsky, E., Nilsson, U., Sidenvall, B. and Enskar, K.(2009). School-aged Children’s Experieinces of Postoperative Music Medicine on Pain, Distress, and Anxiety: Pediatric Anesthesia, 19, 1184-1190.

Nilsson, U. Unosson, M. Rawal, N. (2005). Stress reduction and analgesia in patients exposed to calming music postoperatively: a randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Anaesthesiology, (22)2, 96-102.

Oberle, K., Wry, J., Paul, P., Grace, M. (1990). Environment, anxiety, and postoperative pain. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 12(6), 746-753.

Pothoulaki, M., MacDonals, R.A.R., Flowers, P., Stamataki, E., Filiopoulos, V., Stamatiadis, D. and Stathakis, Ch. P. (2008). An Investigation of the Effects of Music on Anxiety and Pain Perception in Patients Undergoing Haemodialysis Treatment: Journal of Health Psychology, 13(7), 912-920.

Salamon, E., Bernstein, S.R., Kim, S-A., Kim, M., & Stefano, G.B. (2003). The effects of auditory perception and musical preference on anxiety in naive human subjects. Medical Science Monitor, 9(9), CR396-CR399.

Sinha, M., Christopher, N.C., Fenn, R., Reeves, L. (2006). Evaluation of nonpharmacologic methods of pain and anxiety management for laceration repair in the pediatric emergency department. Pediatrics, 117(4),1162-1168.

Solen, D. , Topp, R., Singer, Lynda. (August 2002). The effect of self-selected music during colonoscopy on anxiety, heart rate, and blood pressure. Applied Nursing Research, 16(2): 126-136.

Sung, H., Chang, A., & Lee, W. (2010). A preferred music listening intervention to reduce anxiety in older adults with dementia in nursing homes. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 19(7-8), 1056-1064.

Weeks, B. P., & Nilsson, U. (2011). Music interventions in patients during coronary angiographic procedures: A randomized controlled study of the effect on patients' anxiety and well-being. European Journal Of Cardiovascular Nursing, 10(2), 88-93.

Weiland TJ, Jelinek GA, Macarow KE, Samartzis P, Brown DM, Grierson EM, Winter C. (December 2011). Original sound compositions reduce anxiety in emergency department patients: a randomised controlled trial. Medical Journal of Australia, 195(11-12):694-8.

Yu, H., Liu, Y., Li, S., Ma, X. (2009). Effects of Music on Anxiety and Pain in Children with Cerebral Palsy Receiving Acupuncture: A Randomized Controlled Trial: International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46, 1423-1430.

Arts and Expressive Therapies

Chapman, L, Morabito, D., Ladakakos, C., Schreier, H., & Knudson, M. (2007). The effectiveness of art therapy interventions in reducing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in pediatric trauma patients. Journal of The American Art Therapy Association, 18, 100–104.

Nanda, U. (2007). Healing Art. Facility Care Magazine, May/June, 14.

Allan, K., Killick, J. (2000). Undiminished possibility: the arts in dementia care. Journal of Dementia Care, 8(3), 16-1.

Baker, Sara. (December 2009). Tell it Slant: History, Memory, and Imagination in the Healing Writing Workshop. Traumatology, 15(4), 15-23.

Bar-Sela, G., Atid, L., Danos, S., Gabay, N., & Epelbaum, P. (2007). Art therapy improved depression and influenced fatigue levels in cancer patients on chemotherapy. Psychoonocology, 16, 980–984.

Becker, B. (2001, June). Stage presence -- body presence: movement and body experience with the elderly. Care Management Journals, 3(2), 99-106

Bojner-Horwitz, E., Theorell, T., & Anderberg, U. (2003). Dance/movement therapy and changes in stress-related hormones: A study of fibromyalgia patients with video-interpretation. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 30, 255–264.

Bray, M., Theodore, L., Patwa, S., Margiano, S., Alric, J., & Peck, H. (2003). Written emotional expression as an intervention for asthma. Psychology in the Schools, 40(2), 193–207.

Burton A. (September 2009). Bringing arts-based therapies in from the scientific cold. Lancet Neurology. 8(9), 784-5.

Cerrato, P. (1999, February). Complementary therapies. Tai chi: a martial art turns therapeutic. RN, 62(2), 59

Cohen, G. (2009). New theories and research findings on the positive influence of music and art on health with aging. Arts & Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice, 1(1), 48-62.

Cutshall S.M., Fenske L.L., Kelly R.F., Phillips B.R., Sundt T.M., Bauer B.A. (November 2007). Creation of a healing enhancement program at an academic medical center. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 13(4), 217-223.

Cutshall S.M., Fenske L.L., Kelly R.F., Phillips B.R., Sundt T.M., Bauer B.A. (November 2007). Creation of a healing enhancement program at an academic medical center. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 13(4), 217-223.

Deanne, K., Fitch, M., & Carman, M. (2000). An innovative art therapy program for cancer patients. Canadian Oncology Nursing Journal, 10, 147–157.

Demecs IP, Fenwick J, Gamble J. (September 2011).Women's experiences of attending a creative arts program during their pregnancy. Women Birth. 24(3):112-21.

Dibbel-Hope, S. (2000). The use of dance/movement therapy in psychological adaptation to breast cancer. The Arts in Psychotherapy: An International Journal, 27(1), 51-68.

Gabriel, B., Bromberg, E., Vandenbovenkamp, J., Kornblith, A., & Luzzato, P. (2001). Art therapy with adult bone marrow transplant patients in isolation: A pilot study. Psychooncology, 10, 114–123.

Gallagher, A. (August 20-26, 2008). A pilot evaluation of the Arts for Life project in end-of-life care. Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain 1987) , 22(50), 42-6.

Goodill, S. (2005b). An introduction to medical dance/movement therapy: Health care in motion. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Goodison, L., & Schafer, H. (1999, October 21). A dance to the music of time... dance therapy. Health Service Journal, 109(5677), 28-29

Götell E., Brown S., Ekman S.L. (January 30, 2008). The influence of caregiver singing and background music on vocally expressed emotions and moods in dementia care: A qualitative analysis). International Journal of Nursing Studies, [Epub ahead of print].

Guerin, P., Elmi, F., & Guerin, B. (2006, August). Weddings and parties: cultural healing in one community of Somali women. Australian e-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health, 5(2), 1-8.

Haidet, P. (March-April 2007). Jazz and the 'Art' of Medicine: Improvisation in the Medical Encounter. Annals of Family Medicine, 5(2), 164-9.

Heiney, S., & Darrr-Hope, H. (1999). Healing icons: Art support program for patients with cancer. Cancer Practice, 7(4), 183–189.

Kuttner L, Chambers CT, Hardial J, Israel DM, Jacobson K, Evans K. (Winter 2006). A randomized trial of yoga for adolescents with irritable bowel syndrome. Pain Research and Management. 11(4):217-23.

Lev-Wiesel, R., Shvero, T. (2003). An exploratory study of self-figure drawings of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. Arts in Psychotherapy, 30(1), 13-16.

Loden, K.C. (1989). Clinical experience at the museum of art. Nurse Educator,14, 25-26.

MacDougall HG, Moore ST. (September 2005). Marching to the beat of the same drummer: the spontaneous tempo of human locomotion. Journal of Applied Physiology. 99(3):1164-73.

Magill, L. (2009, March). The spiritual meaning of pre-loss music therapy to bereaved caregivers of advanced cancer patients. Palliative & Supportive Care, 7(1), 97-108.

Makowski SK, Epstein RM. (February 2012). Turning toward dissonance: lessons from art, music, and literature. Journal of Pain Symptom Management, 43(2), 293-8.

Malley, S.M., Datillo, J., Gast, D. (2002). Effects of visual arts instruction on the mental health of adults with mental retardation and mental illness. Mental Retardation, 40(4), 278-296.

McArdle, S., & Byrt, R. (2001). Fiction, poetry and mental health: expressive and therapeutic uses of literature. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 8(6), 517-524.

McGarry, T.J., Prince, M. (1998). Implementation of groups of creative expression on a psychiatric inpatient ward. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 36(3), 19-24.

Miluk-Kolasa, B., Obminski, Z., Stupnicki, R., Golec, L. (1994). Effects of music treatment on salivary cortisol in patients exposed to pre-surgical stress. Experimental Clinical Endocrinology, 102(2), 118-120.

Monti, D. Peterson, C., Kunkel, E., Hauck, W., Peawuignot, E, Rhodes, L., et al. (2006). A randomized, controlled trial of mindfulness-based art therapy (MBAT) for women with cancer. Psychooncology, 15(5), 363–373.

Mottram, P. (2003). Art therapy with clients who have dementia. Dementia: The International Journal of Social Research & Practice, 2(2), 272-277.

Nanda, U. (2007, September). The Art-Cart Progam. Health Design Magazine, September, 10-14.

Nikolajsen, L., Lyndgaard, K., Schriver, N., & Moller, J. (2009, February). Does audiovisual stimulation with music and nature sights (MuViCure) reduce pain and discomfort during placement of a femoral nerve block?. Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing, 24(1), 14-18.

Norman, S.A., Lumley, M.A., Dooley, J.A., & Diamond, M.P. (2004). For whom does it work? Moderators of the effects of written emotional disclosure in a randomized trial among women with chronic pelvic pain. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 174-183.

Olsen, R., Hutchings, B., Ehrenkrantz, E. (2000). ‘Media memory lane' interventions in an Alzheimer's day care center. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 15(3), 163-175.

Palmer, J., Kuhn, C.M., Taylor, C., Turner, B.S., Coombs, W.T. (1999). The effect of art on venipuncture induced stress. Society for the Arts in Healthcare, Duke University Medical Center.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Ekman, S.L. (1997). Social dancing in the care of persons with dementia in a nursing home setting: a phenomenological study. Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice, 11(2), 101-118.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Ekman, S. (2000). Dance events as a caregiver intervention for persons with dementia. Nursing Inquiry, 7(3), 156-165.

Parashak, S. (1997, December). The richness that surrounds us: collaboration of classroom and community for art therapy and art education. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association, 14(4), 241-245.

Petrie, K., Fontanilla, I., Thomas M.G., Booth, R.J., & Pennebaker, J.W. (2004). Effect of written emotional expression on immune function in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection: a randomized trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 272–275.

Pfaff, V., Smith, K., & Gowan, D. (1989). The Effects of Music-Assisted Relaxation on the Distress of Pediatric Cancer Patient Undergoing Bone Marrow Aspirations. Children's Health Care, 18(4), 232-236.

Pies R. (2008 Jan). Summoning the muse: the role of expressive arts therapy in psychiatric care. Psychiatric Times, 25(1), 10-12.

Pratt, R. (2004, November). Art, dance, and music therapy. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, 15(4), 827-841

Purnell, L. (1999, May). Complementary/alternative therapies: what are they?. DNA Reporter, 24(2), 7-9

Ragneskog, H., Asplund, K., Khlgren, M., Norberg, A. (2001). Individualized music played for agitated patients with dementia: analysis of video-recorded sessions. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 7(3), 146-155.

Ragneskog, H., Kihlgren, M. (1997). Music and other strategies to improve the care of agitated patients with dementia: interviews with experienced staff. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 11(3), 176-182.

Repar P.A., Patton D. (July-August 2007). Stress reduction for nurses through Arts-in-Medicine at the University of New Mexico Hospitals. Holistic Nursing Practice, 21(4), 82-86.

Reynolds, F. (2003). Conversations About Creativity and Chronic Illness I: Textile Artists Coping with Long-Term Health Problems Reflect on the Creative Process. Creativity Research Journal, 15(4), 393-407.

Reynolds, F. (2004). Conversations About Creativity and Chronic Illness II: Textile Artists Coping with Long-Term Health Problems Reflect on the Creative Process. Creativity Research Journal, 16(1), 79-89.

Rider, M.S., Achterberg, J. (1989). Effect of music-assisted imagery on neutrophils and lymphocytes. Biofeedback and self-regulation, 14(3), 247-257.

Rockwood-Lane, M. (2005).Creativity and spirituality in nursing: implementing art and healing: Holistic Nursing Practice, 19(3),122-125.

Rollins, J.A., Riccio, L.L. (2002). ART is the HeART: A Palette of Possibilities for Hospice Care. Pediatric Nursing, 28(4), 355-362.

Rubin, J. (1982). Art therapy: What it is and what it is not. American Journal of Art Therapy, 21, 57-58.

Schmock, B., Breckenridge, D., & Benedict, K. (2009). Effect of sacred space environment on surgical patient outcomes: a pilot study. International Journal for Human Caring, 13(1), 49-59. Retrieved from CINAHL database

Schmock, B., Breckenridge, D., & Benedict, K. (2009). Effect of sacred space environment on surgical patient outcomes: a pilot study. International Journal for Human Caring, 13(1), 49-59. Retrieved from CINAHL database

Stephens, L., Gargiulo, R., Daniels, J., Nezat, G., & Pellegrini, J. (2008, October). The effect of music and therapeutic suggestion on postoperative pain in the general anesthesia patient. AANA Journal, 76(5), 390-390.

Stuckey, H., Nobel, J., Nobel, E. ( February 2010). The Connection Between Art, Healing, and Public Health: A Review of Current Literature. American Journal of Public Health, 10( 2), 254-263.

Sullivan, J.M. (Fall 2007). Music for the injured soldier: a contribution of American women's military bands during World War II. Journal of Music Therapy, 44(3), 282-305.

Wikström B.M. (September 2004). Older adults and the arts: the importance of aesthetic forms of expression in later life. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 30(9):30-6.

Wikstrom, B.(2005). Communicating via Expressive Arts: the natural medium of self-expression for hospitalized children. Pediatric Nursing, 31, 480-85.

Autism

Brownell, M.D. (2002). Musically adapted social stories to modify behaviors in students wit autism: four case studies. Journal of Music Therapy, 117-44.

Rosenblatt, L. E., Gorantla, S., Torres, J. A., Yarmush, R. S., Rao, S., Park, E. R., & ... Levine, J. B. (2011). Relaxation Response-Based Yoga Improves Functioning in Young Children with Autism: A Pilot Study. Journal Of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 17(11), 1029-1035.

Cardiology

Allen, K. Golden, L.H., Izzo, J.L. Jr, Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492

Allen, K., Blascovich, J. (1994). Effects of music on cardiovascular reactivity among surgeons. Journal of the American Medical Association, 272(11), 882-884.

Barnason, S., Zimmerman, L., Nieveen, J. (1995). The effects of music interventions on anxiety in the patient after coronary artery bypass grafting. Heart and Lung, 24(2), 124-132.

Bolwerk, C. (1990). Effects of relaxing music on state anxiety in myocardial infarction patients. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 13(2), 63-72.

Broadbent, E. Ellis, C., Gamble, G., Petrie, K. (November 2006). Changes in Patient Drawings of the Heart Identify Slow Recovery After Myocardial Infarction. American Psychosomatic Society, 68(6), 910.

Chan M.F., Wong O.C., Chan H.L., Fong M.C., Lai S.Y., Lo C.W., Ho S.M., Ng S.Y., Leung S.K. (March 2006). Effects of music on patients undergoing a C-clamp procedure after percutaneous coronary interventions. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 53(6), 669-79.

Elliot, D. (1994). The effects of music and muscle relaxation of patient anxiety in a coronary care unit. Heart and Lung, 66, 674-682.

Hatem, T., Lira, P. and Mattos, S. (2006). The Therapeutic Effects of Music in Children Following Cardiac Surgery: Journal of Pediatrics, 82(3), 186-192.

Hoffman, J., (1998). Music and Your Heart' The power of rhythm. Open Ear 2, 20-26.

Jonsson, P., Sonnby-Borgstrom, M. (2003). The effects of pictures of emotional faces on tonic and phasic autonomic cardiac control in women and men. Biological Psychology, 62, 157-173.

Mockel, M., Rocker, L., Stork, T., Danne, O., Eichstadt, H., Muller, R., Hochrein, H. (1994). Immediate physiological responses of healthy volunteers to different types of music: cardiovascular, hormonal and mental changes. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 68(6), 451-459.

Schmidt, L.A., Trainor, L.J., Santesso, D.L. (2003). Development of frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) and heart rate (ECG) responses to affective musical stimuli during the first 12 months of postnatal life. Brain & Cognition, 52(1), 27-32.

Weeks, B. P., & Nilsson, U. (2011). Music interventions in patients during coronary angiographic procedures: A randomized controlled study of the effect on patients' anxiety and well-being. European Journal Of Cardiovascular Nursing, 10(2), 88-93.

White, J.M. (1999). Effects of relaxing music on cardiac autonomic balance and anxiety after acute myocardial infarction. American Journal of Critical Care, 8(4), 220–230.

Dementia

Allan, K., Killick, J. (2000). Undiminished possibility: the arts in dementia care. Journal of Dementia Care, 8(3), 16-1.

Beatty, W., Win, P., Adams, R., Allen, E.W., et al. (1994). Preserved cognitive skills in dementia of the Alzheimer type. Archives of Neurology, 51(10), 1040-1046.

Clair, A.A., Bernstein, B. (1994). The effect of no music, stimulative background music and sedative background music on agitated behaviors in persons with severe dementia. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 19(1), 61-70.

Clark, M.E., Lipe, A.W., Bilbrey. M. (1998). Use of music to decrease aggressive behaviours in people with dementia. Journal of Gerontology Nursing, 24(7), 10-17.

Cuddy, L., & Duffin, J. (2005). Music, memory, and Alzheimer’s disease: is music recognition spared in dementia, and how can it be assessed? Medical Hypotheses, 64(2), 229-235.

Espinel, C.H. (1996). de Kooning's late colours and forms: dementia, creativity and the healing power of art. The Lancet, 347(9008), 1096-1098.

Forbes, D.A. (1998). Strategies for managing behavioural symptomatology associated with dementia of the Alzheimer type: a systematic overview. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 30(2), 67-86.

Foster, N.A., Valentine, E.R. (2001). The effect of auditory stimulation on autobiographical recall in dementia. Experimental Ageing Research, 27(3), 215-228.

Gerdner, L.A., Swanson, E.A. (1993). Effects of individualized music on confused and agitated elderly patients. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 7(5), 284-291.

Gerdner, L.L. (2000). Effects of individualized vs. classical “relaxation” music on the frequency of agitation in elderly persons with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders. International Psychogeriatrics, 12(1), 49-65.

Geroldi, C., Metitieri, T., Binetti, G., Zanetti, O., Trabucchi, M., Frisoni, G.B. (2000). Pop music and frontotemporal dementia. Neurology, 55(12), 1935-1936.

Goddaer, J., Abraham, I.L. (1994). Effects of relaxing music on agitation during meals among nursing home residents with severe cognitive impairment. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 8(3), 150-158.

Gotell, E., Brown, S., Ekman, S.L. (2003). Influence of caregiver singing and background music on posture, movement, and sensory awareness in dementia care. International Psychogeriatrics/IPA, 15(4), 411-430.

Gotell, E., Brown, S., Ekman, S.L. (2002). Caregiver singing and background music in dementia care. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 24(2), 195-216.

Graham, I.W. (1999). Reflective narrative and dementia care. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 8, 675-683.

Greenland, P. (2009, 2009 Jan-Feb). Dance: five-minute love affairs. Journal of Dementia Care, 17(1), 30-31.

Guenther, W., Giunta, R., Klages, U., Haag, C. (1993). Findings of electroencephalographic brain mapping in mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer type during resting, motor and music - perception conditions. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 50(3), 163-176.

Han, P., Kwan, M., Chen, D., Yusoff, S.Z., Chionh, H.L., Goh, J., Yap, P. (2010). A controlled naturalistic study on a weekly music therapy and activity program on disruptive and depressive behaviors in dementia. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 30, 540-546.

Herrmann, N. (2001). Recommendations for the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Canadian Journal of Neurological Science, 28(1), S96-107.

Heymanson, C. (2009, 2009 Jan-Feb). Linking hands in circle dance. Journal of Dementia Care, 17(1), 13-14

Hicks, S. (2002). Relaxing music; what effect does it have on agitation at mealtime among nursing home patients with dementia? Info Nursing, 33(3), 17-19.

Holm AK, Lepp M, Ringsberg KC. (Feb 2005). Dementia: involving patients in storytelling--a caring intervention. A pilot study. Journal of Clinical Nursing,14(2):256-63.

Holmes, C., Knights, C.D., Hodkinson, S., Hopkins, V. (2006). Keep music live: music and the alleviation and apathy in Dementia Subjects. International Psychogeriatrics, 18(4), 623-630.

Killick, J. (2000). The role of the arts in dementia care. Nursing & Residential Care, 2(12), 572-574.

Killick, J., Allan, K. (1999a). The arts in dementia care: tapping a rich resource. Journal of Dementia Care, 7(4), 35-38.

Killick, J., Allan, K. (1999b). The arts in dementia care: touching the human spirit. Journal of Dementia Care, 7(5), 33-37.

Laino, C. (2003). As dementia sets in, artistic genius emerges. Neurology Today, 3, 14-15.

Larkin, M. (2001). Music tunes up memory in dementia patients. The Lancet, 357(9249), 47.

Lindenmuth, G.F., Patel, M., Chang, P.K. (1992). Effect of music on sleep in healthy elderly and subjects with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type. American Journal of Alzheimer's Care and Related Disorders Research, 2,13-20.

Lou, M.F. (2001). The use of music to decrease agitated behavior of the demented elderly: the state of the science. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Services, 15(2), 165-173.

Malaret, B. (1998). Use of music to decrease aggressive behaviors in people with dementia. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 46(12), 1586.

Manthrope, J. (2000). Dementia in contemporary fiction and biography. The Journal of Dementia Care, 8(3), 35-37.

Mathews, R.M., Vlair, A.A., Kosloski, K. (2001). Keeping the beat: use of rhythmic music during exercise activities for the elderly with dementia. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 16(6), 377-380.

Mell, J.C., Howard, S.M., Miller, L. (2003). Art and the brain: The influence of frontotemporal dementia on an accomplished artist. Neurology, 60(10), 1707-1710.

Miller, B.L., Boone, K., Cummings, J.L., Read, S.L., Mishkin, F. (2000). Functional correlates of musical and visual ability in frontotemporal dementia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 176, 458-463.

Mottram, P. (2003). Art therapy with clients who have dementia. Dementia: The International Journal of Social Research & Practice, 2(2), 272-277.

O’Maille, T., & Kasayka, R. (2005). Touching the Spirit at the End of Life, Dementia advances: Providing Care for Persons with Late-Stage Dementia. Alzheimer’s Care Quarterly, 6(1), 62-70.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Ekman, S.L. (1997). Social dancing in the care of persons with dementia in a nursing home setting: a phenomenological study. Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice, 11(2), 101-118.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Ekman, S. (2000). Dance events as a caregiver intervention for persons with dementia. Nursing Inquiry, 7(3), 156-165.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Winblad, B., Ekman, S.L. (1998). Social dancing: a way to support intellectual, emotional and motor functions in persons with dementia. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 5(6), 545-553.

Ragneskog, H., Asplund, K., Khlgren, M., Norberg, A. (2001). Individualized music played for agitated patients with dementia: analysis of video-recorded sessions. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 7(3), 146-155.

Ragneskog, H., Brane, G., Karlssson, I., Kihlgren, M. (1996). Influence of dinner music on food intake and symptoms common to dementia. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 10(11-17), 317-323.

Ragneskog, H., Kihlgren, M. (1997). Music and other strategies to improve the care of agitated patients with dementia: interviews with experienced staff. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 11(3), 176-182.

Ragneskog, H., Kihlgren, M., Karlsson, I.,Norberg, A. (1996). Dinner music for demented patients: analysis of video-recorded observations. Scandinavian Clinical Nursing Research, 5(3), 262-277.

Rose, L., Schlingensiepen, S. (2001). Meeting in the dark - a musical journey of Discovery. Journal of Dementia Care, 9(2), 20-23.

Smith, B. (2010). Treatment of dementia through cultural arts... originally in the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care, Volume 11, Number 3, 1992. Care Management Journals, 11(1), 42-47.

Smith, B. (2010). Treatment of dementia through cultural arts... originally in the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care, Volume 11, Number 3, 1992. Care Management Journals, 11(1), 42-47.

Sung, H., Chang, A., & Lee, W. (2010). A preferred music listening intervention to reduce anxiety in older adults with dementia in nursing homes. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 19(7-8), 1056-1064.

Sung, H., Lee, W., Chang, S., & Smith, G. (2011). Exploring nursing staff's attitudes and use of music for older people with dementia in long-term care facilities. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 20(11/12), 1776-1783.

Developmental Disability

Barber, C.F. (1999). The use of music and color theory as a behavior modifier. British Journal of Nursing, 8(7), 443-448.

Malley, S.M., Datillo, J., Gast, D. (2002). Effects of visual arts instruction on the mental health of adults with mental retardation and mental illness. Mental Retardation, 40(4), 278-296.

Diabetes

Murrock, C., Higgins, P., & Killion, C. (2009). Dance and peer support to improve diabetes outcomes in African American women. Diabetes Educator, 35(6), 995-1003.

Endocrinology

Berk, L., Tan, S., Fry, W., Napier, B., Lee, J., Hubbard, R., Lewis, J., & Eby, W. (1989). Neuroendocrine and Stress Hormone Changes During Mirthful Laughter. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 298(6), 390 396.

Miluk-Kolasa, B., Obminski, Z., Stupnicki, R., Golec, L. (1994). Effects of music treatment on salivary cortisol in patients exposed to pre-surgical stress. Experimental Clinical Endocrinology, 102(2), 118-120.

Mockel, M., Rocker, L., Stork, T., Danne, O., Eichstadt, H., Muller, R., Hochrein, H. (1994). Immediate physiological responses of healthy volunteers to different types of music: cardiovascular, hormonal and mental changes. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 68(6), 451-459.

Epilepsy

Hughes, J.R., Daaboul, Y., Fino, J.J., Shaw, G.L. (1998). The “Mozart effect” on epileptiform activity. Clinical Electroencephalography, 29(3), 109-119.

Gastroenterology

Harikumar R, Raj M, Paul A, Harish K, Kumar SK, Sandesh K, Asharaf S, Thomas V. (January – February 2006). Listening to music decreases need for sedative medication during colonoscopy: a randomized, controlled trial. Indian Journal of Gastroenterology , 25(1):3-5.

Hayes, A., Buffum, M., Lanier, E., Rodhal, E., Sasso, C. (2003). A music intervention to reduce anxiety prior to gastrointestinal procedures. Gastroenterology Nursing, 26(4), 145-149.

Kuttner L, Chambers CT, Hardial J, Israel DM, Jacobson K, Evans K. (Winter 2006). A randomized trial of yoga for adolescents with irritable bowel syndrome. Pain Research and Management. 11(4):217-23.

Gerontology

Alpert PT, Miller SK, Wallmann H, Havey R, Cross C, Chevalia T, Gillis CB, Kodandapari K. (2009 Feb). The effect of modified jazz dance on balance, cognition, and mood in older adults. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 21(2):108-15.

Beatty, W., Win, P., Adams, R., Allen, E.W., et al. (1994). Preserved cognitive skills in dementia of the Alzheimer type. Archives of Neurology, 51(10), 1040-1046.

Becker, B. (2001, June). Stage presence -- body presence: movement and body experience with the elderly. Care Management Journals, 3(2), 99-106

Brooker, D.J., & Duce, L. (2000). Well-being and activity in dementia: A comparison of group reminiscence therapy, structured goal-directed activity, and unstructured time. Aging and Mental Health, 4(4), 354-358.

Chen, S., Lin, H., & Jane, S. (2009). Perceptions of group music therapy among elderly nursing home residents in Taiwan. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 17(4), 190-195. Retrieved from CINAHL database

Chen, S., Lin, H., & Jane, S. (2009). Perceptions of group music therapy among elderly nursing home residents in Taiwan. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 17(4), 190-195. Retrieved from CINAHL database

Chen, S., Walsh, S. (2009). Effect of a Creative-Bonding Intervention on Taiwanese Nursing Students' Self-Transcendence and Attitude Toward Elders. Research in Nursing & Health, 32, 204-216.

Clark, M.E., Lipe, A.W., Bilbrey. M. (1998). Use of music to decrease aggressive behaviours in people with dementia. Journal of Gerontology Nursing, 24(7), 10-17.

Cohen, G. (2009). New theories and research findings on the positive influence of music and art on health with aging. Arts & Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice, 1(1), 48-62.

Cruise, C.J., Chung, F., Yogendran, S., Little, D. (1997). Music increases satisfaction in elderly out-patients undergoing cataract surgery. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, 44(1), 43-48.

Crutch, S., Isaacs, R., & Rossor, M. (2001). Some workmen can blame their tools: artistic change in an individual with Alzheimer’s disease. Lancet, 357(9274), 2129-2133.

Cuddy, L., & Duffin, J. (2005). Music, memory, and Alzheimer’s disease: is music recognition spared in dementia, and how can it be assessed? Medical Hypotheses, 64(2), 229-235.

Eyigor S., Karapolat H., Durmaz B., Ibisoglu U., Cakir S. (February 20th, 2008). A randomized controlled trial of Turkish folklore dance on the physical performance, balance, depression and quality of life in older women. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics, [Epub ahead of print].

Eyigor S., Karapolat H., Durmaz B., Ibisoglu U., Cakir S. (February 20th, 2008). A randomized controlled trial of Turkish folklore dance on the physical performance, balance, depression and quality of life in older women. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics, [Epub ahead of print].

Gerdner, L.A., Mentes, J.C., Titler, M.G. (1999). Individualized music intervention protocol. Journal of Gerontology Nursing, 25(10), 10-16.

Gerdner, L.A., Swanson, E.A. (1993). Effects of individualized music on confused and agitated elderly patients. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 7(5), 284-291.

Gerdner, L.L. (2000). Effects of individualized vs. classical “relaxation” music on the frequency of agitation in elderly persons with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders. International Psychogeriatrics, 12(1), 49-65.

Heymanson, C. (2009, 2009 Jan-Feb). Linking hands in circle dance. Journal of Dementia Care, 17(1), 13-14

Hughes, J.R., Fino, J.J., Melyn, M.A. (1999). Is there a chronic change of the “Mozart effect” on epileptiform activity? A case study. Clinical Electroencephalography, 30, 44-45.

Kincaid, C., Peacock, J.R. (2003). The effect of a wall mural on decreasing four types of door-testing behaviours. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 22(1), 76-88.

Li, F., Harmer, P., Fisher, K., McAuley, E., Chaumeton, N., Eckstrom, E.,and Wilson, L.(2005). Tai Chi and Fall Reductions in Older Adults: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 60(2), 187-94.

Lindauer, M.S., Orwoll, L., Kelley, M.C. (1997). Aging Artists on the Creativity of Their Old Age. Creativity Research Journal, 10(2&3), 133-152.

Lou, M.F. (2001). The use of music to decrease agitated behavior of the demented elderly: the state of the science. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Services, 15(2), 165-173.

Lowis, M.J., Hughes, J. (1977). A comparison of the effects of sacred and secular music on elderly people. Journal of Psychology, 131(1), 45-55.

Marmeleira, J., Pereira, C., Cruz-Ferreira, A., Fretes, V., Pisco, R., Fernandes, O.(December 2009). Creative Dance Can Enhance Proprioception in Older Adults. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 49(4): 480-5.

McCaffrey, R., & Locsin, R. (2004). The effect of music listening on acute confusion and delirium in elders undergoing elective hip and knee surgery. International Journal of Older People Nursing and Journal of Clinical Nursing, 13(6b), 91-96.

McCaffrey, R., Freeman, E. (2003). Effect of music on chronic osteoarthritis pain in older people. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 44(5), 517-524.

McFadden, S., & Basting, A. (2010). Healthy aging persons and their brains: promoting resilience through creative engagement. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, 26(1), 149-161.

Myskja, A., & Håpnes, O. (2010). Music and health in a local community. A coordinated teaching program in five nursing homes in Mid-Norway [Norwegian]. Norsk Tidsskrift For Sykepleieforskning, 12(1), 3-15.

Myskja, A., & Håpnes, O. (2010). Music and health in a local community. A coordinated teaching program in five nursing homes in Mid-Norway [Norwegian]. Norsk Tidsskrift For Sykepleieforskning, 12(1), 3-15. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Ekman, S., Ericsson. K. ( 2001). Nurses' opinions, ideas and beliefs about dancing and movement to music in Swedish and Finish nursing home settings. Healthcare in Later Life, 1(3), 227-229.

Remington, R. (2002). Calming music and hand massage with agitated elderly. Nursing Research, 51, 5.

Skingley, A., & Vella-Burrows, T. (2010). Therapeutic effects of music and singing for older people. Nursing Standard, 24(19), 35-41. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Skingley, A., & Vella-Burrows, T. (2010). Therapeutic effects of music and singing for older people. Nursing Standard, 24(19), 35-41. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Skingley, A., & Vella-Burrows, T. (2010). Therapeutic effects of music and singing for older people. Nursing Standard, 24(19), 35-41. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Smith, B. (2010). Treatment of dementia through cultural arts... originally in the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care, Volume 11, Number 3, 1992. Care Management Journals, 11(1), 42-47.

Solé C, Mercadal-Brotons M, Gallego S, Riera M. (Fall 2010). Contributions of music to aging adults' quality of life. Journal of Music Therapy, 47(3):264-81.

Sorrell, J.A., Sorrell, J.M. (March 2008). Music as a healing art for older adults. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 46(3), 21-24.

Sung, H., Lee, W., Chang, S., & Smith, G. (2011). Exploring nursing staff's attitudes and use of music for older people with dementia in long-term care facilities. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 20(11/12), 1776-1783.

Wallmann HW, Gillis CB, Alpert PT, Miller SK. (2009 Jan). The effect of a senior jazz dance class on static balance in healthy women over 50 years of age: a pilot study. Biological Research for Nursing, 10(3):257-66.

Wikström B.M. (September 2004). Older adults and the arts: the importance of aesthetic forms of expression in later life. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 30(9):30-6.

Hematology

Evers, S., Dannert, J., Rodding, D., Rotter, G., Ringelstein, E.B. (1999). The cerebral haemodynamics of music perception. Brain, 122(1), 75-85.

Pfaff, V., Smith, K., & Gowan, D. (1989). The Effects of Music-Assisted Relaxation on the Distress of Pediatric Cancer Patient Undergoing Bone Marrow Aspirations. Children's Health Care, 18(4), 232-236.

Phipps, S., Dunavant, M., Garvie, P.A., Lensing, S., Rai, S.N. (2002). Acute health-related quality of life in children undergoing stem cell transplant: I. Descriptive outcomes. Bone Marrow Transplant, 29, 425-434.

Phipps, S., Dunavant, M., Lensing, S., Rai, S.N. (2002). Acute health-related quality of life in children undergoing stem cell transplant: II. Medical Determinants. Bone Marrow Transpant, 29, 435-442.

HIV/AIDS

Crouch A, Robertson H, Fagan P. (July 2011). Hip hopping the gap--performing arts approaches to sexual health disadvantage in young people in remote settings. Australasian Psychiatry, 19.

Glik, D., Nowak, G., Valente, T., Sapsis, K., & Martin, C. (2002). Youth performing arts entertainment-education for HIV/AIDS prevention and health promotion: Practice and research. Journal of Health Communication, 7(1), 39–57.

Henson, R.A. (1988). Maurice Ravel's illness: a tragedy of lost creativity. British Medical Journal, 296, 1585-1588.

Lemieux, A.F., Fisher, J.D., Pratto, F. (May 2008). A Music-Based HIV Prevention Intervention for Urban Adolescents. Health Psychology, 27(3), 349-357.

Loue S., Mendez N., Sajatovic M. (April 8 2008). Preliminary Evidence for the Integration of Music into HIV Prevention for Severely Mentally Ill Latinas. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health / Center for Minority Public Health, [Epub ahead of print].

Petrie, K., Fontanilla, I., Thomas M.G., Booth, R.J., & Pennebaker, J.W. (2004). Effect of written emotional expression on immune function in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection: a randomized trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 272–275.

Robins, J.W., McCain, N.L., Gray, D.P., Elswick, R.K., Jr., Walter, J.M., & McDade, E. (2006). Research on psychoneuroimmunology: tai chi as a stress management approach for individuals with HIV disease. Applied Nursing Research, 19(1), 2-9.

Turner-Musa, J., Rhodes, W., Harper, P., & Quinton, S. (2008). Hip-hop to prevent substance use and HIV among African-American youth: a preliminary investigation. Journal of Drug Education, 38(4), 351-365. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Turner-Musa, J., Rhodes, W., Harper, P., & Quinton, S. (2008). Hip-hop to prevent substance use and HIV among African-American youth: a preliminary investigation. Journal of Drug Education, 38(4), 351-365. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Wiener LS, Battles HB. (2002). Mandalas as a therapeutic technique for HIV-infected children and adolescents: what do they reveal?: Journal of HIV AIDS Social Services, 1(3), 27-39.

Integrative Medicine

Aleman, A., Nieuwenstein, M.R., Bocker, K.B., de Haan, E.H. (2000). Music training and mental imagery ability. Neuropsychologia, 38(12), 1664-1668.

Anderson, R., Schiedermayer, D. (2003). The art of medicine through the humanities: an overview of a one-month humanities elective for fourth year students. Medical Education, 37(6), 560-562.

Ayotte, J., Peretz, I., Hyde, K. (2002). Congenital amusia: a group study of adults afflicted with a music-specific disorder. Brain, 125, 238-251.

Bangert, M., Haeusler, U., Altenmuller, E. (2001). On practice: how the brain connects piano keys and piano sounds. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 930, 425-428.

Barnason, S., Zimmerman, L., Nieveen, J. (1995). The effects of music interventions on anxiety in the patient after coronary artery bypass grafting. Heart and Lung, 24(2), 124-132.

Begley, A.M. (1996). Literature and poetry: pleasure and practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2(4), 182-188.

Berenson, A.B., Wiemann, C.M., Rickert, V.I. (1998). Use of video glasses to decrease anxiety among children undergoing genital examinations. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 178(6), 1341-5.

Browning, C.A. (2000). Using music during childbirth. Birth, 27(4), 272-276.

Downie, R.S. (1999). The role of literature in medical education. Journal of Medical Ethics, 25, 529-531.

Driessnack, M. (2004). Remember Me. Holistic Nursing Practice, 18(4), 211-214.

Dunn, K. (2004). Music and the reduction of post-operative pain. Nursing Standard 18(36), 33-39.

Evans, M., Greaves, D. (2001). Developing the medical humanities. Medical Humanities, 27(2), 93-98.

Gerdner, L.L. (2000). Effects of individualized vs. classical “relaxation” music on the frequency of agitation in elderly persons with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders. International Psychogeriatrics, 12(1), 49-65.

Grant, V.J., Jackson, A., Suk, T. (2002). Courses, content and a student essay in medical humanities. Medical Humanities, 28(1), 49-52.

Iwanaga, M., Tsukamoto, M. (1997). Effects of excitative and sedative music on subjective and physiological relaxation. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 85(1), 287-296.

Jenkins, J.S. (2001). The Mozart effect. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 94(4), 170-172.

Johnson, J.K., Shaw, G.L., Vuong, M., Vuong, S., Cotman, C.W. (2002). Short term improvement on a visual-spatial task after music listening in Alzheimer's disease: a group study. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 26(3), 37-50.

Johnson, M.H., Petrie, S.M. (1997). The effects of distraction on exercise and cold pressor tolerance for chronic low back pain sufferers. Pain, 69(1-2), 43-48.

Johnston, N. (2004). Expressions of Alzheimer's. Various expressions of art from the perspective of individuals, families and care givers with an interest in Alzheimer's Disease.’ Alzheimer's Care Quarterly, 5(4), 278-288.

Jones, A.H. (1997). Literature and medicine: narratives of mental illness. The Lancet, 350(9074), 359-361.

Jonsson, P., Sonnby-Borgstrom, M. (2003). The effects of pictures of emotional faces on tonic and phasic autonomic cardiac control in women and men. Biological Psychology, 62, 157-173.

Joyce, B.A., Keck, J.F., Gerkensmeyer, J. (2001). Evaluation of pain management interventions for neonatal circumcision pain. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 15(3), 105-114.

Kabat-Zinn, J., Lipworth, L., Burney, R. (1985). The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for the self-regulation of chronic pain. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 8(2), 163-190.

Kanski, G.W. (1997). Music intervention with physically restrained patients. Rehabilitation Nursing, 22(1), 14-18.

Katz, E.R., Varni, J.W. (1993). Social Support and Social Cognitive Problem-Solving in Children with Newly Diagnosed Cancer. Cancer, 77, 3314-3317.

Kaufman, J.C., Baer, J. (2002). I bask in dreams of suicide: Mental illness, poetry, and women. Review of General Psychology, 6(3), 271-286.

Killick, J. (2000). The role of the arts in dementia care. Nursing & Residential Care, 2(12), 572-574.

Killick, J., Allan, K. (1999a). The arts in dementia care: tapping a rich resource. Journal of Dementia Care, 7(4), 35-38.

Killick, J., Allan, K. (1999b). The arts in dementia care: touching the human spirit. Journal of Dementia Care, 7(5), 33-37.

Kottow, M., Kottow, A. (2002). Literary narrative in medical practice. Medical Humanities, 28(1), 41-44.

Lawson, B., Phiri, M. (2000). Hospital Design. Room for improvement. Health Service Journal, 24, 20-23.

Loden, K.C. (1989). Clinical experience at the museum of art. Nurse Educator,14, 25-26.

Macduff, C. (1998). Poetry and the spirit level in nursing: seeing with Burns and Whitman. European Nurse, 3(3), 197-206.

Macduff, C., West, B. (2002). Arts in healthcare. Developing the use of poetry within healthcare culture. British Journal of Nursing, 11(5), 338-341.

MacLaren, J.E., Cohen, L.L. (2005). A comparison of distraction strategies for venipuncture distress in children. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 30(5), 387-396.

Marshall, M., (2003). Creative Learning: The Mandala as Teaching Exercise. Journal of Nursing Education, 42(11), 517-519.

McCarthy, A.M., Cool, V.A., Petersen, M., Bruene, D.A. (1996). Cognitive behavioral pain and anxiety interventions in pediatric oncology centers and bone marrow transplant units. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 13, 3-12.

McMellan, M.F. (1996). Literature and medicine: some major works. The Lancet, 348, 1014-1016.

McMellan, M.F., Jones, A.H. (1996). Why literature and medicine? The Lancet, 348, 109-111.

Meakin, R., Kirklin, D. (2000). Medical humanities: making better doctors or just happier ones? Journal of Medical Ethics: Medical Humanities, 26, 49-50.

Menegazzi, J.J., Paris, P.M., Kersteen, C.H., Flynn, B., Trautman, D.E. (1991). A randomized controlled trial of the use of music during laceration repair. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 20(4), 348-350.

Miller, A.C., Hickman, L.C., & Lemasters, G.K. (1992). A distraction technique for control of burn pain, Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation, 13(5), 576-80.

Miluk-Kolasa, B., Obminski, Z., Stupnicki, R., Golec, L. (1994). Effects of music treatment on salivary cortisol in patients exposed to pre-surgical stress. Experimental Clinical Endocrinology, 102(2), 118-120.

Mornhinweg, G.C. (1992). Effects of music preference and selection on stress Reduction. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 10(2), 101-109.

Oberle, K., Wry, J., Paul, P., Grace, M. (1990). Environment, anxiety, and postoperative pain. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 12(6), 746-753.

O'Sullivan, R.J. (1991). A musical road to recovery: music in intensive care. Intensive Care Nursing, 7(3), 160-163.

Palmer, J., Kuhn, C.M., Taylor, C., Turner, B.S., Coombs, W.T. (1999). The effect of art on venipuncture induced stress. Society for the Arts in Healthcare, Duke University Medical Center.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Winblad, B., Ekman, S.L. (1998). Social dancing: a way to support intellectual, emotional and motor functions in persons with dementia. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 5(6), 545-553.

Palo-Bengtsson, L., Ekman, S. (2000). Dance events as a caregiver intervention for persons with dementia. Nursing Inquiry, 7(3), 156-165.

Phipps, S., Dunavant, M., Garvie, P.A., Lensing, S., Rai, S.N. (2002). Acute health-related quality of life in children undergoing stem cell transplant: I. Descriptive outcomes. Bone Marrow Transplant, 29, 425-434.

Phipps, S., Dunavant, M., Lensing, S., Rai, S.N. (2002). Acute health-related quality of life in children undergoing stem cell transplant: II. Medical Determinants. Bone Marrow Transpant, 29, 435-442.

Reynolds, F. (2003). Conversations About Creativity and Chronic Illness I: Textile Artists Coping with Long-Term Health Problems Reflect on the Creative Process. Creativity Research Journal, 15(4), 393-407.

Reynolds, F. (2004). Conversations About Creativity and Chronic Illness II: Textile Artists Coping with Long-Term Health Problems Reflect on the Creative Process. Creativity Research Journal, 16(1), 79-89.

Staricoff, R.L. (2006). Arts in health: the value of evaluation. The Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, 126(3), 116-120.

Staricoff, R.L., Duncan, J., Wright, M., Loppert, S., Scott, J. (2001). A study of the effects of visual and performing arts in healthcare. Hospital Development, 32, 25-28.

Mental Health

Franks, B., and Fraenkel, Danielle. (1991). Fairy Tales and Dance/Movement Therapy: Catalysts of Change for Eating-Disordered Individuals: The Arts in Psychotherapy, 18, 311-319.

Aleman, A., Nieuwenstein, M.R., Bocker, K.B., de Haan, E.H. (2000). Music training and mental imagery ability. Neuropsychologia, 38(12), 1664-1668.

Arts, S., Abu-Saad. H., Champion, G., Crawford, M., Fisher, R., Juniper, K., & Ziegler, J. (1994). Age-Related Response to Lidocaine-Prilocaine (EMLA) Emulsion and Effect of Music Distraction on the Pain of Intravenous Cannulation. Pediatrics, 93, 797-801.

Augustin, P., Hains, A.A. (1996). Effect of music on ambulatory surgery patients’ preoperative anxiety. Association of Operating Room Nurses Journal, 63(4), 753-758.

Baker, F. , Bor, W., (August 2008). Can music preference indicate mental health status in young people? Australasian Psychiatry, 16(4), 284-288.

Ballon, B., Silver, I. and Fidler, D. (September-October 2007). Headspace Theater: An Innovative Method for Experiential Learning of Psychiatric Symptomatology Using Modified Role-Playing and Improvisational Theater Techniques: Academic Psychiatry, 31(5), 380-387.

Bampton, P., Draper, B. (1997). Effect of relaxation music on patient tolerance of gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 25(1), 343-345.

Barber, C.F. (1999). The use of music and color theory as a behavior modifier. British Journal of Nursing, 8(7), 443-448.

Bar-Sela, G., Atid, L., Danos, S., Gabay, N., & Epelbaum, P. (2007). Art therapy improved depression and influenced fatigue levels in cancer patients on chemotherapy. Psychoonocology, 16, 980–984.

Bauer, C.L., Victorson, D., Rosenbloom, S., Barocas, J., Silver, R.K. (March 2010). Alleviating distress during antepartum hospitalization: a randomized controlled trial of music and recreation therapy. Journal of Women’s Health, 19(3):523-31.

Begley, A.M. (1996). Literature and poetry: pleasure and practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2(4), 182-188.

Berk, L., Tan, S., Fry, W., Napier, B., Lee, J., Hubbard, R., Lewis, J., & Eby, W. (1989). Neuroendocrine and Stress Hormone Changes During Mirthful Laughter. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 298(6), 390 396.

Beveridge, A. (2003). Should psychiatrists read fiction? British Journal of Psychiatry, 182, 385-387.

Blomkvist, V., Eriksen, C.A., Theorell, T., Ulrich, R., Rasmanis, G. (2005). Acoustics and psychosocial environment in intensive coronary care. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 62(3), e1.

Blood, A.J., Zatorre, R.J., Bermudez, P., Evans, A.C. (1999). Emotional responses to pleasant and unpleasant music correlates with the activity in paralimbic brain regions. Nature Neuroscience, 2(4), 382-387.

Blood, A.J., Zatorre, R.J. (2001). Intensely pleasurable responses to music correlate with activity in brain regions implicated in reward and emotion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98(20), 11818-11823.

Blood, D.J., Ferris, S.J. (1993). Effects of background music on anxiety, satisfaction with communication and productivity. Psychology Rep., 72(1), 171-177.

Bradt J, Dileo C, Grocke D, Magill L. (August 2011). Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients. Cochrane Database Systematic Review. 10(8).

Bray, M., Theodore, L., Patwa, S., Margiano, S., Alric, J., & Peck, H. (2003). Written emotional expression as an intervention for asthma. Psychology in the Schools, 40(2), 193–207.

Brooker, D.J., & Duce, L. (2000). Well-being and activity in dementia: A comparison of group reminiscence therapy, structured goal-directed activity, and unstructured time. Aging and Mental Health, 4(4), 354-358.

Bruderle, A.R., Valiga, T.M. (1994). Integrating the arts and humanities into nursing education. in Chin, P.L., Watson, J. (eds). Art and Aesthetics in Nursing. New York. 117-144.

Burr, J.A., Chapman, T. (1998). Some reflections on cultural and social considerations in mental health nursing. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 5(6), 431-437.

Castledine, G. (1998). Link between the arts and the experience of nursing. British Journal of Nursing, 7(8), 493.

Chan M.F., Chan E.A., Mok E., Kwan Tse F.Y.( August 2009). Effect of music on depression levels and physiological responses in community-based older adults. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing18(4):285-94.

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Neurology

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Nutrition

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Obstetrics/Gynecology

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Stark, M.A. (2003). Restoring Attention in Pregnancy: The Natural Environment. Clinical Nursing Research, 12(3), 246-265.

Oncology

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Battaglini, C.L., Mihalik, J.P., Bottaro, M., Dennehy, C., Petschauer, M.A., Hairston, G.S., Shelds, E.W. (August 2008). Effect of exercise on the caloric intake of breast cancer patients undergoing treatment. Brazilian journal of medical biological research, 41(8):709-15.

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Biley, F. (2000). The effects on patient wellbeing of music listening as a nursing intervention: a review of the literature. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 9, 668-677.

Boisaubin, E.V., Winkler, M.G. (2000). Seeing patients and life contexts: the visual arts in medical education. American Journal of Medical Science, 319(5), 292-296.

Bokey, K., Walter, G. (2002). Literature and psychiatry: the case for a close liaison. Australasian Psychiatry, 10(4), 393-399.

Borgmann, E. (2002). Art therapy with three women diagnosed with cancer: Art Psychotherapy, 29(5), 245-251.

Bulfone, T., Quattrin, R., Zanotti, R., Regattin, L., & Brusaferro, S. (2009). Effectiveness of music therapy for anxiety reduction in women with breast cancer in chemotherapy treatment. Holistic Nursing Practice, 23(4), 238-242. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Bulfone, T., Quattrin, R., Zanotti, R., Regattin, L., & Brusaferro, S. (2009). Effectiveness of music therapy for anxiety reduction in women with breast cancer in chemotherapy treatment. Holistic Nursing Practice, 23(4), 238-242. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

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Ezzone, S., Baker, C., Rosselet, R., & Terepka, E. (1998). Music as an adjunct to antiemetic therapy. Oncology Nursing Forum, 25(9), 1551–1556.

Ferszt, G., Massotti, E., Williams, J., & Miller, J. (2000). The impact of an art program on an inpatient oncology unit. Illness, Crisis, & Loss, 8(2), 189–199.

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Ganidagli, S., Cengiz, M., Yanik, M., Becerik, C., Unal, B. (2005). The effect of music on preoperative sedation and the bispectral index. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 101(1), 103-106.

Gerdner, L.L. (2000). Effects of individualized vs. classical “relaxation” music on the frequency of agitation in elderly persons with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders. International Psychogeriatrics, 12(1), 49-65.

Gidron, Y., Duncan, E. Lazar, A., Biderman, A., Tandeter, H., & Shvartzman, P. (2002). Effects of guided written disclosure of stressful experiences on clinic visits and symptoms in frequent clinic attenders. Family Practice, 19(2), 161-166.

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Hilliard, R. (2003). The effects of music therapy on the quality and length of life of people diagnosed with terminal cancer. Journal of Music Therapy, 40, 113–137.

Homicki, B., Joyce, E.K. (2004). Art illuminates patients' experience at the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center. The Oncologist, 9, 111-114.

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Kemper K.J., Hamilton C.A., McLean T.W., Lovato J. (July 2008). Impact of Music on Pediatric Oncology Outpatients. Pediatric Research, 64(1), 105-9.

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Larkin, M. (2001). Music tunes up memory in dementia patients. The Lancet, 357(9249), 47.

Madden, J., Mowry, P., Gao, D., Cullen, P., & Foreman, N. (2010). Creative arts therapy improves quality of life for pediatric brain tumor patients receiving outpatient chemotherapy. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 27(3), 133-145. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Magill, L. (2009, March). The spiritual meaning of pre-loss music therapy to bereaved caregivers of advanced cancer patients. Palliative & Supportive Care, 7(1), 97-108.

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Morgan, N., Graves, K., Poggi, E., & Cheson, B. (2008). Implementing an expressive writing study in a cancer clinic. The Oncologist, 13(2), 196–204.

Neville, K. (1998). The Relationships Among Uncertainty, Social Support, and Psychological Distress in Adolescents Recently Diagnosed with Cancer. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 15(1), 37-46.

O'Callaghan, C., & Magill, L. (2009). Effect of music therapy on oncologic staff bystanders: a substantive grounded theory. Palliative & Supportive Care, 7(2), 219-228. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

O'Callaghan, C., & Magill, L. (2009). Effect of music therapy on oncologic staff bystanders: a substantive grounded theory. Palliative & Supportive Care, 7(2), 219-228. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Pfaff, V., Smith, K., & Gowan, D. (1989). The Effects of Music-Assisted Relaxation on the Distress of Pediatric Cancer Patient Undergoing Bone Marrow Aspirations. Children's Health Care, 18(4), 232-236.

Phipps, S., Dunavant, M., Lensing, S., Rai, S.N. (2002). Acute health-related quality of life in children undergoing stem cell transplant: II. Medical Determinants. Bone Marrow Transpant, 29, 435-442.

Phipps, S., Dunavant, M., Garvie, P.A., Lensing, S., Rai, S.N. (2002). Acute health-related quality of life in children undergoing stem cell transplant: I. Descriptive outcomes. Bone Marrow Transplant, 29, 425-434.

Phipps, S., Fairclough, D., Mulhern, R.(1995). Avoidant coping in children with cancer. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 20(2), 217-232.

Puig, A., Lee, Goodwin, S.M., Sherrard, P.A.D. (2006). The efficacy of creative arts therapies to enhance emotional expression, spirituality and psychological well-being of newly diagnosed stage I and stage II breast cancer patients: a preliminary study: Arts Psychotherapy, 33(3), 218-228.

Redd, W.H., Jacobsen, P.B. (1988). Emotions and cancer. New perspectives on an old problem. Cancer, 15, 1871-1879.

Redd, W.H., Jacobsen, P.B., Die-Trill, M., Dermatis, H., McEvoy, M., Holland, J.C. (1987). Cognitive/attentional distraction in the control of conditioned nausea in pediatric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Journal of Consulting Clinical Psychology, 55, 391-395.

Reynolds F., Prior, S. (September 15, 2006). The Role of Art-Making in Identity Maintenance: Case Studies of People Living with Cancer. European Journal of Cancer Care, 15 (4), 333 – 341.

Richardson, M.M., Babiak-Vazquez A.E., Frenkel, M.A. (Spring 2008). Music therapy in a comprehensive cancer center. Journal of the Society for Integrative Oncology, 6(2), 76-81.

Rollins, JA. (2005). Tell me about it: drawing as a communication tool for children with cancer. Jornal Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 22(4 ), 203 -221

Rykov, M.H. (March 2008). Experiencing music therapy cancer support. Journal of Health Psychology, 13(2), 190-200.

Sandel, S.L., Judge, J.O., Landry, N., Faria, L., Ouellette, R., Majczak, M. (July/August 2005). Dance and Movement Program Improves Quality-of-Life Measures in Breast Cancer Survivors. Cancer Nursing, 28(4), 301–309.

Sinding, C., Gray, r., Grassau, P., Damianakis, & Hampson, A. (2006). Audience responses to a research-based drama about life after breast cancer. Psychooncology, 15(8), 694–700.

Smith, G.J.W., Lilja, Å., Salford, L.G. (2002). Creativity and Breast Cancer. Creativity Research Journal, 14(2), 157-162.

Standley, J. (1992). Clinical applications of music and chemotherapy: The effects on nausea and emesis. Music Therapy Perspectives, 10, 27–35.

Weber, S., Nuessler, V. and Wilmanns, W. (1997). A pilot study on the influence of receptive music listening on cancer patients receiving chemotherapy: International Journal of Critical Care, 8(4), 220-230.

Wolitzky, K., Fivush, R., Zimand, E., Hodges, L., & Rothbaum, B. (2005). Effectiveness of virtual reality distraction during a painful medical procedure in pediatric oncology patients. Psychology & Health, 20(6), 817–824.

Ophthalmology

Camara J.G., Ruszkowski J.M., Worak S.R.. (June 25, 2008). The effect of live classical piano music on the vital signs of patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery. Medscape Journal of Medicine, 10(6), 149.

Cruise, C.J., Chung, F., Yogendran, S., Little, D. (1997). Music increases satisfaction in elderly out-patients undergoing cataract surgery. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, 44(1), 43-48.

Ross, D.A., Olson, I.R., Gore, J.C. (2003). Cortical plasticity in an early blind musician: an FMRI study. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 21(7), 821-828.

Pain Management

Ashburn, M.A., Staats, P.S. (1999). Management of chronic pain. Lancet, 353(9167),1865-1869.

Bailey, L. (1986). Music therapy in pain management. Journal of Pain Symptom Management, 1, 25–28.

Beck, S.L. (1991). The therapeutic use of music for cancer-related pain: Oncology Nursing Forum, 8(8), 1327-1337.

Cepeda, M.S., Chapman, C.R., Miranda, N., Sanchez, R., Rodriguez, C.H., Restrepo, A.E., Ferrer, L.M., Linares, R.A., Carr, D.B. (June 2008). Emotional disclosure through patient narrative may improve pain and well being: results of a randomized controlled trial in patients with cancer pain. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 35(6), 623-31.

Diette, G.B., Lechtzin, N. Haponik, E., Devrotes, A., Rubin, H.R. (2003). Distraction Therapy With Nature Sights and Sounds Reduces Pain During Flexible Bronchoscopy: A Complementary Approach to Routine Analgesia. Chest,123, 941-948.

Dunn, K. (2004). Music and the reduction of post-operative pain. Nursing Standard 18(36), 33-39.

Ebneshahidi, A., & Mohseni, M. (2008, September). The effect of patient-selected music on early postoperative pain, anxiety, and hemodynamic profile in Cesarean section surgery. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 14(7), 827-831.

Ebneshahidi, A., & Mohseni, M. (2008). The effect of patient-selected music on early postoperative pain, anxiety, and hemodynamic profile in Cesarean section surgery. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 14(7), 827-831. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Fowler-Kerry, S., Lander, J.R. (1987). Management of injection pain in children. Pain, 30(2),169-75.

Good, M. (1996). Effects of relaxation and music on post-operative pain: a review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(5), 905-914.

Good, M., Anderson, G.C., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Makii, M. (2002). Relaxation and music reduce pain after gynaecologic surgery. Pain Management Nursing, 3(2), 61-70.

Good, M., Cranston-Anderson, G., Ahn, S., Cong, X. and Stanton-Hicks, M. (2005). Relaxation and Music Reduce Pain Following Intestinal Surgery: Research in Nursing & Health, 28, 240-251.

Good, M., Siedliecki, S.L., (2006). Effect of music on power, pain, depression and disability. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 54(5), 533-562.

Good, M., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Cranston-Anderson, G., Choi, C., Schoolmeesters, L.J, Salman, A. (1999). Relief of post-operative pain with jaw relaxation, music and their combination. Pain, 81(1-2), 163-172.

Hoffman, H.G., Doctor, J.N., Patterson, D.R., Carrougher, G.J., & Furness, T.A. III. (2000). Virtual reality as an adjunctive pain control during burn wound care in adolescent patients. Pain, 85, 305–309.

Hoffman, H.G., Patterson, D.R., Carrougher, G.J., & Sharar, S.R. (2001). Effectiveness of virtual reality-based pain control with multiple treatments. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 17, 229–235.

Johnson, M.H., Petrie, S.M. (1997). The effects of distraction on exercise and cold pressor tolerance for chronic low back pain sufferers. Pain, 69(1-2), 43-48.

Joyce, B.A., Keck, J.F., Gerkensmeyer, J. (2001). Evaluation of pain management interventions for neonatal circumcision pain. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 15(3), 105-114.

Kabat-Zinn, J., Lipworth, L., Burney, R. (1985). The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for the self-regulation of chronic pain. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 8(2), 163-190.

Kazak, A.E., Penati, B., Brophy, P. (1998). Pharmacologic and physiologic interventions for procedural pain. Pediatr., 102, 59-66.

Klassen, J.A., Liang, Y., Tjosvold, L., Klassen, T.P., Hartling, L. (March –April 2008). Music for pain and anxiety in children undergoing medical procedures: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Ambulatory Pediatrics : the official journal of the Ambulatory Pediatric Association, 8(2), 117-28.

Klassen, J.A., Liang, Y., Tjosvold, L., Klassen, T.P., Hartling, L. (March –April 2008). Music for pain and anxiety in children undergoing medical procedures: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Ambulatory Pediatrics : the official journal of the Ambulatory Pediatric Association, 8(2), 117-28.

Kline, G. (2009). Does a view of nature promote relief from acute pain?. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 27(3), 159-166. Retrieved from CINAHL database

Kline, G. (2009). Does a view of nature promote relief from acute pain?. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 27(3), 159-166. Retrieved from CINAHL database

Koch, M.E., Kain, Z.N., Ayoub, C., Rosenbaum, S.H. (1998). The sedative and analgesic sparing effect of music. Anaesthesiology, 89, 300-306.

Kwekkeboom, K.L. (2003). Music versus distraction for procedural pain and anxiety in patients with cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 30(3), 433-440.

LaMontagne, L.L., Hepworth, J.T., Cohen, F., Salisbury, M.H. (2003). Cognitive-behavioral intervention effects on adolescents' anxiety and pain following spinal fusion surgery. Nursing Research, 52(3),183-190.

Lepage, C., Drolet, P., Girard, M., Grenier, Y., DeGagne, R. (2001). Music decreases sedative requirements during spinal anesthesia. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 93(4), 912-916.

Madson AT, Silverman MJ. (Fall 2010). The effect of music therapy on relaxation, anxiety, pain perception, and nausea in adult solid organ transplant patients. Journal of Music Therapy, 47(3), 220-32.

Makowski SK, Epstein RM. (February 2012). Turning toward dissonance: lessons from art, music, and literature. Journal of Pain Symptom Management, 43(2), 293-8.

McCaffrey, R., Freeman, E. (2003). Effect of music on chronic osteoarthritis pain in older people. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 44(5), 517-524.

McCarthy, A.M., Cool, V.A., Petersen, M., Bruene, D.A. (1996). Cognitive behavioral pain and anxiety interventions in pediatric oncology centers and bone marrow transplant units. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 13, 3-12.

McDaniel, C., Burkett, A., Cormier, M., Duvall, J., Davis, S., Gabriel, L., et al. (2009, March). PICC, the music and travel tot he port of relaxation: the effects of music on perceived pain and anxiety in patients receiving PICCs and port-a-caths. Journal of Radiology Nursing, 28(1), 32-34.

Miller, A.C., Hickman, L.C., & Lemasters, G.K. (1992). A distraction technique for control of burn pain, Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation, 13(5), 576-80.

Nikolajsen, L., Lyndgaard, K., Schriver, N., & Moller, J. (2009, February). Does audiovisual stimulation with music and nature sights (MuViCure) reduce pain and discomfort during placement of a femoral nerve block?. Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing, 24(1), 14-18.

Nilsson, S., Kokinsky, E., Nilsson, U., Sidenvall, B. and Enskar, K.(2009). School-aged Children’s Experieinces of Postoperative Music Medicine on Pain, Distress, and Anxiety: Pediatric Anesthesia, 19, 1184-1190.

Nilsson, U. Unosson, M. Rawal, N. (2005). Stress reduction and analgesia in patients exposed to calming music postoperatively: a randomized controlled trial. European Journal of Anaesthesiology, (22)2, 96-102.

Nilsson, U., Rawal, N., Unosson, M. (2003). A comparison of intra-operative or post operative exposure to music – a controlled trial of the effects on postoperative pain. Anesthesia, 58, 684-711.

Norman, S.A., Lumley, M.A., Dooley, J.A., & Diamond, M.P. (2004). For whom does it work? Moderators of the effects of written emotional disclosure in a randomized trial among women with chronic pelvic pain. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 174-183.

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Podoll, K., Robinson, D. (2000). Migraine experiences as artistic inspiration in a contemporary artist. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 93, 263-265.

Pölkki, T., Vehviläinen-Julkunen, K., Pietilä A-M. (2001). Nonpharmacological methods in relieving children’s postoperative pain: A survey on hospital nurses in Finland. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 34(4), 483-492.

Pothoulaki, M., MacDonals, R.A.R., Flowers, P., Stamataki, E., Filiopoulos, V., Stamatiadis, D. and Stathakis, Ch. P. (2008). An Investigation of the Effects of Music on Anxiety and Pain Perception in Patients Undergoing Haemodialysis Treatment: Journal of Health Psychology, 13(7), 912-920.

Powers, S.W. (1999). Empirically supported treatments in pediatric psychology: procedure-related pain. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 24(2), 131-145.

Schorr, J.A. (1993). Music and pattern change in chronic pain. Advances in Nursing Science, 15(4), 27-36.

Sinha, M., Christopher, N.C., Fenn, R., Reeves, L. (2006). Evaluation of nonpharmacologic methods of pain and anxiety management for laceration repair in the pediatric emergency department. Pediatrics, 117(4),1162-1168.

Wolitzky, K., Fivush, R., Zimand, E., Hodges, L., & Rothbaum, B. (2005). Effectiveness of virtual reality distraction during a painful medical procedure in pediatric oncology patients. Psychology & Health, 20(6), 817–824.

Yu, H., Liu, Y., Li, S., Ma, X. (2009). Effects of Music on Anxiety and Pain in Children with Cerebral Palsy Receiving Acupuncture: A Randomized Controlled Trial: International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46, 1423-1430.

Zhao, H., & Chen, A. (2009). Both happy and sad melodies modulate tonic human heat pain. Journal of Pain, 10(9), 953-960. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Zhao, H., & Chen, A. (2009). Both happy and sad melodies modulate tonic human heat pain. Journal of Pain, 10(9), 953-960. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Palliative Care

Abra, J. (1995). Do the Muses Dwell in Elysium? Death As a Motive for Creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 8(3), 205-217.

Ashburn, M.A., Staats, P.S. (1999). Management of chronic pain. Lancet, 353(9167),1865-1869.

Butt, M.L., Kisilevsky, B.S. (2000). Music modulates behaviour of premature infants following heel lance. The Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 31(4), 17-39.

Coulehan, J., Clary, P. (2005). Healing the healer: poetry in palliative care. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 8(2), 382-389.

Cox, H., and Roberts, P. (2007). From Music into Silence: An Exploration of Music-thanatology vigils at End of Life: Spirituality and Health International, 8, 80-91.

Cruise, C.J., Chung, F., Yogendran, S., Little, D. (1997). Music increases satisfaction in elderly out-patients undergoing cataract surgery. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, 44(1), 43-48.

Crutch, S., Isaacs, R., & Rossor, M. (2001). Some workmen can blame their tools: artistic change in an individual with Alzheimer’s disease. Lancet, 357(9274), 2129-2133.

Cuddy, L., & Duffin, J. (2005). Music, memory, and Alzheimer’s disease: is music recognition spared in dementia, and how can it be assessed? Medical Hypotheses, 64(2), 229-235.

Dunn, K. (2004). Music and the reduction of post-operative pain. Nursing Standard 18(36), 33-39.

Frandsen, J.L. (1990). Music is a valuable anxiolytic during local and regional anaesthesia. Nurse Anaesthesia, 1(4), 181-182.

Gerdner, L. (1997). An individualized music intervention for agitation. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 3(6), 177-184.

Griffiths, T.D. (2001). The neural processing of complex sounds. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 930, 133-142.

Inskeep, S.J., Lisko, S.A. (2001). Alternative clinical nursing experience in an art gallery. Nurse Educator, 26(3), 117-119.

Iwanaga, M., Tsukamoto, M. (1997). Effects of excitative and sedative music on subjective and physiological relaxation. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 85(1), 287-296.

Janata, P. (2004). When music tells a story. Nature Neuroscience, 7(3), 203-204.

Janata, P., Birk, J.L., Van Horn, J.D., Leman, M., Tillmann, B., Bharucha, J.J. (2002a). The cortical topography of tonal structures underlying Western music. Science, 298(5601), 2167-2170.

Kaufman, J.C., Baer, J. (2002). I bask in dreams of suicide: Mental illness, poetry, and women. Review of General Psychology, 6(3), 271-286.

Kennett, C., (2000). Participation in a creative arts project can foster hope in a hospice day centre. Palliative Medicine, 14, 419-425.

LaMontagne, L.L., Hepworth, J.T., Cohen, F., Salisbury, M.H. (2003). Cognitive-behavioral intervention effects on adolescents' anxiety and pain following spinal fusion surgery. Nursing Research, 52(3),183-190.

Lock, S., Last, J.M., Dunea, G. (eds) (2001). The Oxford Illustrated Companion to Medicine. Oxford University Press. pp:367-370.

Miluk-Kolasa, B., Obminski, Z., Stupnicki, R., Golec, L. (1994). Effects of music treatment on salivary cortisol in patients exposed to pre-surgical stress. Experimental Clinical Endocrinology, 102(2), 118-120.

O’Maille, T., & Kasayka, R. (2005). Touching the Spirit at the End of Life, Dementia advances: Providing Care for Persons with Late-Stage Dementia. Alzheimer’s Care Quarterly, 6(1), 62-70.

O'Callaghan, C., & Magill, L. (2009). Effect of music therapy on oncologic staff bystanders: a substantive grounded theory. Palliative & Supportive Care, 7(2), 219-228. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

O'Callaghan, C., & Magill, L. (2009). Effect of music therapy on oncologic staff bystanders: a substantive grounded theory. Palliative & Supportive Care, 7(2), 219-228. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

O'Sullivan, R.J. (1991). A musical road to recovery: music in intensive care. Intensive Care Nursing, 7(3), 160-163.

Rollins, J.A., Riccio, L.L. (2002). ART is the HeART: A Palette of Possibilities for Hospice Care. Pediatric Nursing, 28(4), 355-362.

Selman, L. E., Williams, J. J., & Simms, V. V. (2012). A mixed-methods evaluation of complementary therapy services in palliative care: yoga and dance therapy. European Journal Of Cancer Care, 21(1), 87-97.

Stanley, P., Hurst, M. (January 2011). Narrative palliative care: method for building empathy. Journal of Social Work and End of Life Palliative Care, 7(1), 39-55.

Pediatrics

Chapman, L, Morabito, D., Ladakakos, C., Schreier, H., & Knudson, M. (2007). The effectiveness of art therapy interventions in reducing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in pediatric trauma patients. Journal of The American Art Therapy Association, 18, 100–104.

Arts, S., Abu-Saad. H., Champion, G., Crawford, M., Fisher, R., Juniper, K., & Ziegler, J. (1994). Age-Related Response to Lidocaine-Prilocaine (EMLA) Emulsion and Effect of Music Distraction on the Pain of Intravenous Cannulation. Pediatrics, 93, 797-801.

Avers L, Mathur A, Kamat D. (September 2007). Music therapy in pediatrics. Clinical Pediatrics, 46(7):575-9.

Baeck, E. (2002). The neural networks of music. European Journal of Neurology, 9(5), 449-456.

Baikie, K.A., Wilhelm, K. (2005). Emotional and physical health benefits of expressive writing. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 11, 338-346.

Begley, A.M. (1996). Literature and poetry: pleasure and practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2(4), 182-188.

Bellieni, C., Cordelli, D., Bagnoli, F., & Buonocore, G. (2004). 11-to 15-Year-Old Children of Women Who Danced during Their Pregnancy. Biology of the Neonate, 86(1), 63-65.

Berenson, A.B., Wiemann, C.M., Rickert, V.I. (1998). Use of video glasses to decrease anxiety among children undergoing genital examinations. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 178(6), 1341-5.

Bertman, S. (1999). Grief and the healing arts: Creativity as therapy. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc.

Bhattacharya, J., Petsche, H. (2001). Musicians and the gamma band: a secret affair? Neuroreport, 12(2), 371-374.

Blood, A.J., Zatorre, R.J., Bermudez, P., Evans, A.C. (1999). Emotional responses to pleasant and unpleasant music correlates with the activity in paralimbic brain regions. Nature Neuroscience, 2(4), 382-387.

Blood, A.J., Zatorre, R.J. (2001). Intensely pleasurable responses to music correlate with activity in brain regions implicated in reward and emotion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98(20), 11818-11823.

Brice, J., & Barclay, J. (2007). Music eases anxiety of children in cast room. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics, 27, 831–833.

Bruderle, A.R., Valiga, T.M. (1994). Integrating the arts and humanities into nursing education. in Chin, P.L., Watson, J. (eds). Art and Aesthetics in Nursing. New York. 117-144.

Buchner, H., Weyen, U., Frackowiak, R.S., Romaya, J., Zeki, S. (1994). The timing of visual evoked potential activity in human area V4. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London - Series B: Biological Sciences, 257(1348), 99-104.

Bulkin Siegel, W., & Bartley, M. (2004). Art and Community Health, Lessons From an Urban Health Center. Holistic Nursing Practice, 18(2), 95-97.

Burr, J.A., Chapman, T. (1998). Some reflections on cultural and social considerations in mental health nursing. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 5(6), 431-437.

Butt, M.L., Kisilevsky, B.S. (2000). Music modulates behaviour of premature infants following heel lance. The Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 31(4), 17-39.

Calman, K. (1997). A study of storytelling, humour and learning in medicine. Clinical Medicine, 2(2), 93-106.

Carson, D., & Becker, K. (2004). When Lightning Strikes: Reexamining Creativity in Psychotherapy. Journal of Counseling & Development, 82(1), 111-115.

Chambliss, C., McMichael, H., Tyson, K., Monaco, C., Tracy, J. (1996). Motor performance of schizophrenics after mellow and frenetic antecedent music. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 82, 153-154.

Chavin, M. (2002). Music as communication. Alzheimer's Care Quaterly, 3(2), 145-156.

Cioffi, D. (1991). Beyond attentional strategies: cognitive-perceptual model of somatic interpretation. Psychological Bulletin, 109(1), 25-41.

Cohen, L.L., Blount, R. L., Panopoulos, G. (1997). Nurse coaching and cartoon distraction: an effective and practical intervention to reduce child, parent, and nurse distress during immunization. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 22, 355-70.

Cohen, S.O., & Walco, G.A. (1999). Dance/movement therapy for children and adolescents with cancer. Cancer Practice, 7(1), 34-42.

Coleman, J.M., Pratt, R.R., Stoddard, R.A., Gerstmann, D., & Abelm, H-H. (1994). The effects of the male and female singing voices on selected physiological and behavioral measures of premature infants in the intensive care unity. International Journal of Arts Medicine, 5(2), 4–11.

Diette, G.B., Lechtzin, N. Haponik, E., Devrotes, A., Rubin, H.R. (2003). Distraction Therapy With Nature Sights and Sounds Reduces Pain During Flexible Bronchoscopy: A Complementary Approach to Routine Analgesia. Chest,123, 941-948.

Dolev, J.C., Friedlander, L.K., Braverman, I. (2001). Use of fine art to enhance visual diagnostic skills. Journal of the American Medical Association, 286(9), 1020-1021.

Downie, R.S. (1999). The role of literature in medical education. Journal of Medical Ethics, 25, 529-531.

Downie, R.S., Macnaughton, J. (1999). Should medical students read Plato? Medical Journal of Australia, 170,125-127.

Driessnack, M. (2004). Remember Me. Holistic Nursing Practice, 18(4), 211-214.

Fowler-Kerry, S., Lander, J.R. (1987). Management of injection pain in children. Pain, 30(2),169-75.

Frandsen, J.L. (1990). Music is a valuable anxiolytic during local and regional anaesthesia. Nurse Anaesthesia, 1(4), 181-182.

Freeman, M. (1991). Therapeutic use of storytelling for older children who are critically ill. Children’s Health Care, 20(4), 208–215.

Gaser, C., Schlaug, G. (2003). Brain structures differ between musicians and nonmusicians. Journal of Neuroscience, 23(27), 9240-9245.

Gerdner, L. (1997). An individualized music intervention for agitation. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 3(6), 177-184.

Gerdner, L.L. (2000). Effects of individualized vs. classical “relaxation” music on the frequency of agitation in elderly persons with Alzheimer's disease and related disorders. International Psychogeriatrics, 12(1), 49-65.

Gidron, Y., Duncan, E. Lazar, A., Biderman, A., Tandeter, H., & Shvartzman, P. (2002). Effects of guided written disclosure of stressful experiences on clinic visits and symptoms in frequent clinic attenders. Family Practice, 19(2), 161-166.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Good, M., Anderson, G.C., Stanton-Hicks, M., Grass, J.A., Makii, M. (2002). Relaxation and music reduce pain after gynaecologic surgery. Pain Management Nursing, 3(2), 61-70.

Gotell, E., Brown, S., Ekman, S.L. (2002). Caregiver singing and background music in dementia care. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 24(2), 195-216.

Graham, I.W. (1999). Reflective narrative and dementia care. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 8, 675-683.

Grasso, M., Button, B., Allison, D., & Sawyer, S. (2000). Benefits of music therapy as an adjunct to chest physiotherapy in infants and toddler with cystic fibrosis. Pediatric Pulmonology, 29(5), 371–381.

Griffiths, T.D. (2001). The neural processing of complex sounds. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 930, 133-142.

Guenther, W., Giunta, R., Klages, U., Haag, C. (1993). Findings of electroencephalographic brain mapping in mild to moderate dementia of the Alzheimer type during resting, motor and music - perception conditions. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 50(3), 163-176.

Hachinski, K.V., Hachinski, V. (1994). Music and the brain. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 151(3), 293-296.

Hatem, T., Lira, P. and Mattos, S. (2006). The Therapeutic Effects of Music in Children Following Cardiac Surgery: Journal of Pediatrics, 82(3), 186-192.

Hawksworth, C., Asbury, A.J., Millar K. (1997). Music in theatre: not so harmonious. Anaesthesia, 52, 77-83.

Hayes, A., Buffum, M., Lanier, E., Rodhal, E., Sasso, C. (2003). A music intervention to reduce anxiety prior to gastrointestinal procedures. Gastroenterology Nursing, 26(4), 145-149.

Hebert, S., Peretz, I. (2001). Are text and tune of familiar songs separable by brain damage? Brain & Cognition, 46(1-2), 169-175.

Heiser, R.M., Chiles, K., Fudge, M., Gray, S. (1997). The use of music during the immediate post-operative recovery period. AORN Journal, 65, 777-785.

Hendricks-Ferguson, V. (1997). An analysis of the concept of hope in the adolescent with cancer. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 14(2), 73-80.

Herrmann, N. (2001). Recommendations for the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Canadian Journal of Neurological Science, 28(1), S96-107.

Hicks, S. (2002). Relaxing music; what effect does it have on agitation at mealtime among nursing home patients with dementia? Info Nursing, 33(3), 17-19.

Hoffman, J., (1998). Music and Your Heart' The power of rhythm. Open Ear 2, 20-26.

Jansen, D.A., von Sadovszky, V. (2004). Restorative Activities of Community-Dwelling Elders. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 26(4), 381-399.

Jeffrey, D., Jeffrey, P., Jones, D., Owen, R. (2001). An innovative, practical course in medical humanities. European Journal of Palliative Medicine, 8(5), 203-206.

Joyce, B.A., Keck, J.F., Gerkensmeyer, J. (2001). Evaluation of pain management interventions for neonatal circumcision pain. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 15(3), 105-114.

Kaufman, J.C., Baer, J. (2002). I bask in dreams of suicide: Mental illness, poetry, and women. Review of General Psychology, 6(3), 271-286.

Kazak, A.E., Penati, B., Brophy, P. (1998). Pharmacologic and physiologic interventions for procedural pain. Pediatr., 102, 59-66.

Kemper K.J., Hamilton C.A., McLean T.W., Lovato J. (July 2008). Impact of Music on Pediatric Oncology Outpatients. Pediatric Research, 64(1), 105-9.

Khalfa, S., Isabelle, P., Jean-Pierre, B., Manon, R. (2002). Event-related skin conductance responses to musical emotions in humans. Neuroscience Letters, 328(2), 145-149.

Klassen, J.A., Liang, Y., Tjosvold, L., Klassen, T.P., Hartling, L. (March –April 2008). Music for pain and anxiety in children undergoing medical procedures: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Ambulatory Pediatrics : the official journal of the Ambulatory Pediatric Association, 8(2), 117-28.

Koelsch, S., Grossmann, T., Gunter, T.C., Hahne, A., Schroger, E., Friederici, A.D. (2003). Children processing music: electric brain responses reveal music competence and gender differences. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 15(5), 683-693.

Kolko D.J., Rickard-Figueroa, J.L. (1985). Effects of video games on the adverse corollaries of chemotherapy in pediatric oncology patients: a single-case analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53(2), 223-28.

Kuttner L, Chambers CT, Hardial J, Israel DM, Jacobson K, Evans K. (Winter 2006). A randomized trial of yoga for adolescents with irritable bowel syndrome. Pain Research and Management. 11(4):217-23.

LaMontagne, L.L., Hepworth, J.T., Cohen, F., Salisbury, M.H. (2003). Cognitive-behavioral intervention effects on adolescents' anxiety and pain following spinal fusion surgery. Nursing Research, 52(3),183-190.

Lang, P.J., Greenwald, M.K., Bradley, M.M., Hamm, A.O. (1993). Looking at pictures: affective, facial, visceral, and behavioral reactions. Psychophysiology, 30, 261-273.

Lefevre M.(2004). Playing with sound: the therapeutic use of music in direct work with children.: Child, Family Social Work, 9(4), 333-345.

Lin L.C., Lee W.T., Wang C.H., Chen H.L., Wu H.C., Tsai C.L., Wei R.C., Mok H.K., Weng C.F., Lee M.W., Yang R.C. (Februrary 1, 2011). Mozart K.448 acts as a potential add-on therapy in children with refractory epilepsy. Epilepsy Behavior, [Epub ahead of print].

MacLaren, J.E., Cohen, L.L. (2005). A comparison of distraction strategies for venipuncture distress in children. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 30(5), 387-396.

Madden JR, Mowry P, Gao D, Cullen PM, Foreman NK. (2010 May-Jun). Creative arts therapy improves quality of life for pediatric brain tumor patients receiving outpatient chemotherapy. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 27(3):133-45.

Madden, J., Mowry, P., Gao, D., Cullen, P., & Foreman, N. (2010). Creative arts therapy improves quality of life for pediatric brain tumor patients receiving outpatient chemotherapy. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 27(3), 133-145.

Madden, J., Mowry, P., Gao, D., Cullen, P., & Foreman, N. (2010). Creative arts therapy improves quality of life for pediatric brain tumor patients receiving outpatient chemotherapy. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 27(3), 133-145. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Marley, L. (1984). The use of music with hospitalized infants and toddlers: A descriptive study. Journal of Music Therapy, 21, 126–132.

Mathur A, Duda L, Kamat DM. (March 2008). Knowledge and use of music therapy among pediatric practitioners in Michigan. Clinical Pediatrics, 47(2):155-9. Epub 2007 Sep 27.

McCarthy, A.M., Cool, V.A., Petersen, M., Bruene, D.A. (1996). Cognitive behavioral pain and anxiety interventions in pediatric oncology centers and bone marrow transplant units. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 13, 3-12.

Micci, N. (1984). The use of music therapy with pediatric patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 11, 261–266.

Moreno S, Bialystok E, Barac R, Schellenberg EG, Cepeda NJ, Chau T. (November, 2011). Short-term music training enhances verbal intelligence and executive function. Psychological Science. (11):1425-33.

Murphy, E., Carson, L., Neal, W., Baylis, C., Donley, D., Yeater, R. (November 2009). Effects of an Exercise Intervention Using Dance Dance Revolution on Endothelial and Other Risk Factors in Overweight Children. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 4(4): 205-214.

Neville, K. (1998). The Relationships Among Uncertainty, Social Support, and Psychological Distress in Adolescents Recently Diagnosed with Cancer. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 15(1), 37-46.

Nilsson, S., Kokinsky, E., Nilsson, U., Sidenvall, B. and Enskar, K.(2009). School-aged Children’s Experieinces of Postoperative Music Medicine on Pain, Distress, and Anxiety: Pediatric Anesthesia, 19, 1184-1190.

Pfaff, V., Smith, K., & Gowan, D. (1989). The Effects of Music-Assisted Relaxation on the Distress of Pediatric Cancer Patient Undergoing Bone Marrow Aspirations. Children's Health Care, 18(4), 232-236.

Phipps, S., Dunavant, M., Garvie, P.A., Lensing, S., Rai, S.N. (2002). Acute health-related quality of life in children undergoing stem cell transplant: I. Descriptive outcomes. Bone Marrow Transplant, 29, 425-434.

Phipps, S., Dunavant, M., Lensing, S., Rai, S.N. (2002). Acute health-related quality of life in children undergoing stem cell transplant: II. Medical Determinants. Bone Marrow Transpant, 29, 435-442.

Phipps, S., Fairclough, D., Mulhern, R.(1995). Avoidant coping in children with cancer. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 20(2), 217-232.

Pölkki, T., Vehviläinen-Julkunen, K., Pietilä A-M. (2001). Nonpharmacological methods in relieving children’s postoperative pain: A survey on hospital nurses in Finland. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 34(4), 483-492.

Powers, S.W. (1999). Empirically supported treatments in pediatric psychology: procedure-related pain. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 24(2), 131-145.

Rae, W. (1991). Analyzing drawings of children who are physically ill and hospitalized using the ipsative method. Children's Health Care, 20(4), 198–207.

Rahlin M., Cech D., Rheault W., Stoecker J.(March-April 2007). Use of music during physical therapy intervention for an infant with Erb's palsy: a single-subject design. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 23(2), 105-17.

Redd, W.H., Jacobsen, P.B., Die-Trill, M., Dermatis, H., McEvoy, M., Holland, J.C. (1987). Cognitive/attentional distraction in the control of conditioned nausea in pediatric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Journal of Consulting Clinical Psychology, 55, 391-395.

Robinson, T, Matheson, D., Kraemer, H., Wilson, D., Obarzanek, E., Thompson, N., Alhassan, S., Spencer, T., Haydel, K., Fujimoto, M., Varady, A., Killen, J. (2010). A Randomized Controlled Trial of Culturally Tailored Dance and Reducing Screen Time to Prevent Weight Gain in Low-Income African-American Girls: Stanford Gems. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 164(11): 995-1004.

Rollins, J. (1995). Art: Helping children meet the challenges of hospitalisation. Interacta, 15(3), 36-41.

Rollins, JA. (2005). Tell me about it: drawing as a communication tool for children with cancer. Jornal Pediatric Oncology Nursing, 22(4 ), 203 -221

Rosenblatt, L. E., Gorantla, S., Torres, J. A., Yarmush, R. S., Rao, S., Park, E. R., & ... Levine, J. B. (2011). Relaxation Response-Based Yoga Improves Functioning in Young Children with Autism: A Pilot Study. Journal Of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 17(11), 1029-1035.

Rouseau C, Lamox L, Bagilishya D, Heusch N. (1993). Working with myths: creative expression workshops for immigrant and refugee children in a school setting: Art Therapy, 20(1), 3-10.

Salmon, K., McGuigan, F., Pereira, J.K. (2006). Brief report: Optimizing children's memory and management of an invasive medical procedure: the influence of procedural narration and distraction. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 31(5), 522-527.

Sinha, M., Christopher, N.C., Fenn, R., Reeves, L. (2006). Evaluation of nonpharmacologic methods of pain and anxiety management for laceration repair in the pediatric emergency department. Pediatrics, 117(4),1162-1168.

Standley, J. (2003). The Effect of Music-Reinforced Nonnutritive Sucking on Feeding Rate of Premature Infants. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 18(3), 169-173.

Sturner, R., Rothbaum, F., Visintainer, M., & Wolfer, J. (1980). The effects of stress on children’s human figure drawings. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 36, 325–331.

Waller, D. (April 11, 2006). Art Therapy for Children: How It Leads to Change. Clinical Child Psychology Psychiatry, 2, p. 271-82.

Wiener LS, Battles HB. (2002). Mandalas as a therapeutic technique for HIV-infected children and adolescents: what do they reveal?: Journal of HIV AIDS Social Services, 1(3), 27-39.

Wikstrom, B.(2005). Communicating via Expressive Arts: the natural medium of self-expression for hospitalized children. Pediatric Nursing, 31, 480-85.

Wolitzky, K., Fivush, R., Zimand, E., Hodges, L., & Rothbaum, B. (2005). Effectiveness of virtual reality distraction during a painful medical procedure in pediatric oncology patients. Psychology & Health, 20(6), 817–824.

Young T, Griffin E, Phillips E, Stanley E. (September 2010). Music as Distraction in a Pediatric Emergency Department. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 36(5):472-3.

Yu, H., Liu, Y., Li, S., Ma, X. (November 2009). Effects of music on anxiety and pain in children with cerebral palsy receiving acupuncture: a randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies, (11):1423-30.

Yu, H., Liu, Y., Li, S., Ma, X. (2009). Effects of Music on Anxiety and Pain in Children with Cerebral Palsy Receiving Acupuncture: A Randomized Controlled Trial: International Journal of Nursing Studies, 46, 1423-1430.

Pulmonology

Aragon D, Farris C, Byers JF. (September-October, 2002). The effects of harp music in vascular and thoracic surgical patients. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 8(5), 52-4, 56-60.

Augustin, P., Hains, A.A. (1996). Effect of music on ambulatory surgery patients’ preoperative anxiety. Association of Operating Room Nurses Journal, 63(4), 753-758.

Berenson, A.B., Wiemann, C.M., Rickert, V.I. (1998). Use of video glasses to decrease anxiety among children undergoing genital examinations. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 178(6), 1341-5.

Diette, G.B., Lechtzin, N. Haponik, E., Devrotes, A., Rubin, H.R. (2003). Distraction Therapy With Nature Sights and Sounds Reduces Pain During Flexible Bronchoscopy: A Complementary Approach to Routine Analgesia. Chest,123, 941-948.

Dubois, J.M., Bartter, T., Pratter, M.R. (1995). Music improves patient comfort during out-patient bronchoscopy. Chest, 108(1), 129-130.

Elliot, D. (1994). The effects of music and muscle relaxation of patient anxiety in a coronary care unit. Heart and Lung, 66, 674-682.

Gabriels, R., Wamboldt, M., McCormick, D., Adams, T., & McTaggart, S. (2000). Children’s illness drawings and asthma symptom awareness. Journal of Asthma, 37(7), 565–574.

Golden, A.K., Izzo, J.L., Ching, M.I., Forrest, A., Niles, C.R., Niswander, P.R., Barlow, J.C. (2001). Normalization of hypertensive responses during ambulatory surgical stress by perioperative music. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(3), 487-492.

Korhan, E.A., Khorshid, L., Uyar, M. (2011). The effect of music therapy on physiological signs of anxiety in patients receiving mechanical ventilatory support. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20, 1026-1034.

Schmidt, L.A., Trainor, L.J., Santesso, D.L. (2003). Development of frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) and heart rate (ECG) responses to affective musical stimuli during the first 12 months of postnatal life. Brain & Cognition, 52(1), 27-32.

Reproductive Health

Crouch A, Robertson H, Fagan P. (July 2011). Hip hopping the gap--performing arts approaches to sexual health disadvantage in young people in remote settings. Australasian Psychiatry, 19.

Inzitari, M., Greenlee, A., Hess, R., Perera, S., & Studenski, S. (2009). Attitudes of postmenopausal women toward interactive video dance for exercise. Journal of Women's Health (15409996), 18(8), 1239-1243. Retrieved from CINAHL database.

Lemmens, G., Vervaeke, M., Enzlin, P., Bakelants, E., Vanderschueren, D., D'Hooghe, T. & Demyttenaere, K. (2004). Coping with infertility: a body-mind group intervention programme for infertile couples. Human Reproduction, 19(8), 1917-1923.

Sleep Disorders

Chan MF. (February 7, 2011). A randomized controlled study of the effects of music on sleep quality in older people. Journal of Clinical Nursing. [Epub ahead of print]

Levin, Y. (1998). ”Brain music” in the treatment of patients with insomnia. Neuroscience & Behavioural Physiology, 28(3), 330-335.

Puhan, M. A., Suarez, A., Lo Cascio, C., Zahn, A., Heitz, M., & Braendli, O. (2006). Didgeridoo playing as alternative treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: randomized controlled trial. BMJ, 332(7536), 266–270.

Stroke

Sarkamo, T., Tervaniemi, M., Laitinen, S., Forsblom, A., Soinila, S., Mikkonen, M. Autti, T., Silvennoinen, H.M., Erkkila, J., Laine, M., Peretz, I., Hietanen, M. (March 2008). Music listening enhances cognitive recovery after middle cerebral artery stroke. Brain : A Journal of Neurology, 131(3), 866-876.

Wang, S. (2010, February 22). Music Helps Stroke Victims Communiciate. Retrieved February 25, 2010 from The Wall Street Journal

Williams O, Noble JM. (October 2008). Hip-hop' stroke: a stroke educational program for elementary school children living in a high-risk community. Stroke, 39(10):2809-16.


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